CoverCompetition in urban hiring markets: evidence from online job advertisements — 2021 edition

This paper provides the first Europe-wide evidence on competition among firms in urban hiring markets. It calculates a labour market concentration indicator (Herfindahl-Hirschman Index) by occupation for every functional urban area (FUA) of the 27 EU Member States, using over 100 million Online Job Advertisements (OJAs) collected from hundreds of job portals in 2019-2020. The results show that across urban areas, hiring market concentration is associated with migration patterns and employment prospects. It tends to be low in large urban areas in Europe (e.g. Berlin, Milan, Paris), indicating a robust degree of competition among employers and more choice for job-seekers across all occupations. In contrast, urban labour markets are thinner all along the southern and eastern periphery of the European Union, particularly in smaller towns. An increase in hiring market concentration across European countries is observed in the second quarter of 2020, when the pandemic crisis hit Europe stronger. These are the first experimental results using OJAs available at Eurostat thanks to the collaboration with the European Centre for Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP) and with European National Statistical Institutes. The data and methodology used in this paper are still in an experimental phase, and some potential improvements are discussed in the paper. [+]

Una de las muchas cifras que aparecen en un nuevo informe publicado hoy por la Comisión Europea muestra la importancia que tiene una política comercial abierta para el empleo en Europa. El Informe sobre el comercio y el empleo proporciona gran cantidad de estadísticas sobre los empleos relacionados con el comercio en Europa.

El informe proporciona datos espaciados en el tiempo, tanto a escala de la Unión como a escala de cada Estado miembro, y proporciona estadísticas desglosadas por sector, nivel de capacidades, sexo, etc. Por ejemplo, muestra que en la UE, las exportaciones sustentan más de 38 millones de empleos, es decir, 11 millones más que hace una década. Estos empleos tienen una remuneración que, por término medio, es un 12 % superior a los del conjunto de la economía. El incremento de los empleos generados por las exportaciones es consecuencia de un incremento incluso más pronunciado de las exportaciones de la UE: el aumento del 75 % de los empleos relacionados con las exportaciones entre 2000 y 2019 estuvo acompañado de un incremento del 130 % de las exportaciones totales. Los datos indican claramente que el aumento del comercio supone más empleos, y la mejor forma de incrementar el primero es obteniendo nuevas oportunidades a través de acuerdos comerciales y reforzando estos con diligencia. Habida cuenta de que el 93 % de los exportadores de la UE son pequeñas y medianas empresas (pymes), también es fundamental ayudarles a comprender las oportunidades y condiciones que ofrece la extensa red de 45 acuerdos comerciales celebrados por la UE. | RAPID, IP/21/5904, 12.11.2021

CoverEU Labour Force Survey 2020 module on accidents at work and other work-related health problems — Assessment report

This report evaluates the 2020 EU Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS) module on accidents at work and other work-related health problems. The main objective of this report is to describe the implementation of the survey and to assess the quality of the dataset. The report presents some main results and recommendations on how to improve the module for future repetitions. [+]

CoverGender pay gaps in the European Union — a statistical analysis — 2021 edition

This publication analyses gender pay gaps in the European Union from a statistical perspective. In the first part of the study, we present the data source, the methodology and statistical software used by Eurostat to decompose the unadjusted gender pay gap as well as the results of this decomposition. Indeed, the unadjusted gender pay gap may result from (1) possible differences in pay between men and women, for ‘equal work or work of equal value’, but also from (2) differences in the average characteristics of men and women in the labour market and (3) different financial returns between men and women for a given characteristic. To measure the latter two effects, we have applied the statistical method known as the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition on the microdata collected through the Structure of Earnings Survey 2018. In the second part of the analysis, we extend the scope to the whole population of men and women of working age. We measure differences in their average expected earnings and analyse the respective contributions of gender gaps in employment rates, in the number of hours worked and in hourly earnings (the unadjusted gender pay gap). We hope that this publication will help data users and policy makers to better interpret gender pay gaps in the European Union. [+]

CoverPossibility of recognising COVID-19 as being of occupational origin at national level in EU and EFTA countries

The health crisis of 2020 has highlighted the occupational risk associated with COVID-19, which consequently has had repercussions on insurance against accidents at work and occupational diseases. In this context, Eurostat launched in November 2020 a survey on the possibility of recognising the occupational nature of COVID-19 in Europe. The geographical coverage is the 27 Member States, Norway and Switzerland.

The survey shows that in all countries, the occupational risk of COVID-19 is considered. However, there are some differences on the practical modalities of recognising this risk. These differences relate, among other things, to the way in which the file will be investigated (i.e. as an accident at work and/or an occupational disease) and to the sectors and occupations concerned by this possible recognition (limited to the health sector or extended to wider range of sectors). This statistical report presents the national legal practices and reflects the situation of June 2021. [+]

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