Teachers play an essential role in the learning process and in making it a fruitful experience for all students. The pandemic, the rapid transition from face-to-face to distance learning have further highlighted their essential contribution to our societies. If in one hand, teachers’ role is evolving as new demands and expectations arise, together with new responsibilities, on the other hand, this profession has been going through a vocational crisis for some years now. National and European policy-makers have been developing solutions to mitigate the impact of shortages and maintain high quality teaching standards. This report, focused on lower secondary teachers (ISCED 2), contributes to the debate by providing evidence on both policies and practices. It combines Eurydice data on national legislation with data on teachers’ practices and perceptions from the OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS). These two data sources together shed light on the impact produced by national policies on teachers’ behaviours. It also provides ground for evidence-based reforms. The report covers all 27 EU Member States, as well as the United Kingdom, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey. [+]
The new edition of the Bologna Process Implementation Report shows all the progress made over two decades on mobility, quality assurance and recognition. Unprecedented achievements have been made in developing convergent degree structures in the European Higher Education area (EHEA) and countries have continued to join it throughout these last twenty years. Today, total student numbers have indeed reached more than 38 million. The report also points to the work we need for the future on some areas such as the social dimensions and the inclusion of under-represented groups since the idea that higher education should reflect the diversity of the populations is far from being reached. [+]
This report illustrates schematic information on the structure of mainstream educational systems in European countries, from pre-primary to tertiary level. It includes national schematic diagrams, a guide to reading the diagrams and a map showing the main organisational models of primary and lower secondary education. The information is available for 43 European educational systems covering 38 countries participating in the Erasmus+ programme. [+]
This publication provides a concise information on the duration of compulsory education/training in 43 European education systems, covering 38 countries participating in the EU's Erasmus+ programme (27 Member States, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom). Full-time compulsory education/training refers to a period of full-time educational/training attendance required of all students. [+]
How is the school year organised across Europe? The Eurydice report on the organisation of school time replies to this specific question. It contains national data on the length of the school year, the start and the end dates of each school year, the timing and length of school holidays and the number of school days. Despite some differences, countries show many similarities regarding the structure of their school calendars. Did you know that the countries where the school year begins the earliest are Denmark and Finland? With regard to the number of school days, it varies between 165 days in Albania and 200 days in Denmark and Italy.
In general, the number of school days is the same in primary and secondary education, but there are a few exceptions: in France and Albania (both in upper secondary education), Greece (in secondary education, teaching days and exam days are included), Romania and Serbia for example, the number of schools days is higher in secondary education than in primary.
Those key points and many others are illustrated by comparative figures. The information is available for 38 countries covering both primary and general secondary education and participating in the EU's Erasmus+ programme (27 Member States, the United Kingdom, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey). [+]
Do you wonder how the academic calendar is structured this year, especially after covid19 hugely impacted our higher education systems? This publication, based on national data, gives accurate information on the beginning of the academic year, term times, holidays and examination periods. Differences between university and non-university study programmes are also highlighted. The information is available for 37 countries. [+]
This report covers the statutory salaries of teachers and school heads in pre-primary, primary and general secondary public schools in 2018/19 in the Erasmus+ countries.
The comparative overview examines the statutory salaries for beginning teachers, and the prospects for salary increases throughout their career. It also analyses the main changes to teachers’ statutory salaries in the past years, the average actual salaries including allowances and other additional payments, and the statutory salaries of school heads.
The report includes national data sheets with extensive information on the salaries, the allowances and other additional payments that teachers and school heads receive. Data have been collected jointly by the Eurydice and the OECD/NESLI networks. [+]
This report contains more than 35 updated structural indicators on education policies for the 2018/19 school/academic year in six policy areas: early childhood education and care (ECEC), achievement in basic skills, early leaving from education and training (ELET), higher education, graduate employability and learning mobility. It additionally provides a short overview of the major reforms since the start of the 2014/15 school/academic year in the said policy areas.
Part of the information in this report that concerns the EU Member States was published in the Education and Training Monitor 2019. The 2019 update of the structural indicators covers all EU Member States, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey. [+]
This publication provides concise information on the duration of compulsory education/training in 43 European education systems, covering 38 countries participating in the EU's Erasmus+ programme (28 Member States, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Switzerland, North Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia and Turkey). Full-time compulsory education/training refers to a period of full-time educational/training attendance required of all students. [+]
5th October is World Teacher Day and Eurydice celebrates with a new report. Teachers are at the centre of education and salaries are an important element in making a profession attractive. In which country do teachers get the highest pay in Europe? How have their salaries changed?
This yearly Eurydice publication analyses salaries of teachers and school heads in pre-primary, primary and general secondary public schools in 42 European education systems in 2017/18. It also shows the main changes over the last three years. Moreover, it looks into the average actual salaries (including allowances and other additional payments) in relation with the per capita GDP and the earnings of other tertiary-educated workers. The report includes national sheets with extensive information on the salaries, the allowances and other additional payments that teachers and school heads receive. Data is collected jointly by the Eurydice and the OECD/NESLI networks. [+]