This publication, published every second year, provides a statistical portrait of the European Union (EU) in relation to the rest of the world. It presents a broad range of indicators for the EU and the non-EU members of the Group of Twenty (G20). It is structured into three parts: people and society — population, health, education and training, labour market, living conditions, as well as digital society; economy and business— economy and finance, international trade, business, as well as research and development; environment and natural resources— transport, energy, environment, as well as agriculture, forestry and fisheries. [+]
The paper examines the out-of-sample forecasting performance of mixed-frequency pVAR models for four key macroeconomic variables using data from four European economies, with the goal of providing evidence on the usefulness and reliability of these models for use by official statistical agencies. [+]
Europe Day celebrates peace and unity in Europe. It commemorates the historical 'Schuman declaration' setting out Robert Schuman’s idea for a new form of political cooperation in Europe. On Europe Day 2020, the EU institutions want to pay tribute through numerous online activities to the many Europeans who, in a spirit of solidarity, are helping our Union get through the coronavirus crisis. Eurostat publishes a set of infographics showing the EU and Member States in numbers. [+]
In order to respond to the demands for information arising from the current crisis, we have launched a new dedicated section on our website, bringing together in one place a wide range of statistics and data published by Eurostat related to COVID-19.
In this section, we cover a range of topics related to the economy, society and work, population and health as well as agriculture, energy, transport and tourism. For each of these topics, we show our latest releases, provide an interactive data visualisation to explore the figures, guide you to more in depth information in Statistics Explained articles and link to relevant datasets from our database.
These can give you a baseline against which the impact of the crisis on European societies and economies can be measured, provide a wider background or help you to see the evolution of the crisis. [+]
The EHIS wave 3 manual was published firstly on the Eurostat website in March 2018. All errors and possible improvements detected in the text since then were either removed from or added to this re-edition 2020.
Public health policies need reliable data on health status, health care use and health determinants from population surveys for all EU and EEA member states. The European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) is the instrument to collect such information. The corresponding methodological manual aims ensuring a high level of comparability of the survey results across countries.
The first wave of EHIS was conducted under a gentlemen’s agreement in 17 EU Member States between 2006 and 2009. The second wave of EHIS was conducted as a mandatory survey in all 28 EU Member States, Iceland and Norway between 2013 and 2015. The third wave of EHIS is planned for 2019, based on the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 2018/255 of 19 February 2018. This manual should serve as the handbook for more detailed planning and implementing EHIS wave 3 in EU and EEA member states. Conducting the survey according to the rules and recommendations described in these guidelines is crucial for ensuring harmonized and high quality data on health across Europe.
The Methodological manual for EHIS wave 3 is split into two main parts. The first part includes conceptual guidelines and translation and interview instructions for all modules, sub-modules and variables (including model questions); an overview of core social variables is provided as well. The second part of the manual deals with statistical survey guidelines and contains also a description of the technical survey variables. Instructions on data processing (including a codebook and validation rules) and transmission to Eurostat as well as the format for quality reporting (a quality report template) are provided in separate documents. [+]
Where does our energy come from? How dependent are we on energy imports? Which kind of energy do we consume in the EU and how much does it cost? Are we efficient in the consumption of energy? How much greenhouse gas do we emit in the EU?
Answers to these questions and to many more can be found in the updated 2020 edition of Eurostat's digital publication Shedding light on energy in the EU – A guided tour of energy statistics.
This digital publication presents information about the energy sector in a user-friendly way and features short texts, dynamic infographics, animations, graphs and photos. More experienced users can use the Sankey diagrams or the visualisation tool on energy prices for additional information. [+]
This publication analyses the impact of the different characteristics of the employee (age, occupation, etc.) and of its employer (industry, size) on wages, throughout the European Union. The study is based on regression techniques applied on microdata taken from the Structure of Earnings Survey 2014, which gathers harmonized information from 240 000 enterprises and 11 million employees working across the 27 Member States. Regression coefficients provide information on how the different labour markets reward the different characteristics of the job tenant and how the different types of businesses compete in terms of wages offered to their employees. By crossing job characteristics with sex, this analysis also sheds light on possible gaps between the financial returns on education, part-time work etc. offered to men versus women. [+]
How many women and men of your age were born in the country they currently live in? How many of them are employed? In what type of building do they live? Find out with our interactive visualisation tool “You in the EU”. The tool provides you with the possibility to compare various aspects of your way of life not only with men and women of your age in your country, but also with the EU27 average and other EU Member States. “You in the EU” consists of quiz-like questions about the life of European citizens on 3 different themes: me & my life, me & my living conditions and me & my work. Before you start, you have to select your country, your gender and your age group, which will be used as a basis for comparison.
The quarterly series 'Basic figures on the EU' presents the freshest Eurostat data on a small number of key indicators in the economic, social and environmental fields. In an effort to give readers a better overview of the data available in the Eurostat database, each edition of Basic figures on the EU introduces a set of alternating indicators. The same content is available in a compact printed leaflet. [+]
The transition towards a circular economy is not just about recycling more. The circular economy is a cross-cutting issue covering how we produce and use energy, emissions of greenhouse gases and pollutants to the air, food intake and food waste, and accumulation of material stocks in our society, among other things.
Eurostat is publishing a new experimental interactive visualisation tool for the circular economy: the Sankey diagram of material flows. We invite you to play around and explore material flows by country, year and material type. Discover what happens to the materials you use or discard every day. The diagram is now interactive and includes new features, such as time graphs, pie charts and animations where you can visualise the changes over time. You can display or hide data values and labels, and choose between different units (tonnes per capita, billion tonnes, and other).
The diagram shows the flow of materials as they pass through the EU economy and are eventually discharged back into the environment or re-fed into economic processes. The green loop represents materials recovered from waste recycled and other waste reused. The diagram shows them to scale with other flows such as imports, natural resources extracted from the natural environment, exports, emissions to air (mostly from energy production), and more. [+]