CoverApplying the Degree of Urbanisation — A methodological manual to define cities, towns and rural areas for international comparisons — 2021 edition

This manual has been produced in close collaboration by six organisations — the European Commission, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and The World Bank.

It presents a harmonised methodology to facilitate international statistical comparisons and to classify the entire territory of a country along an urban-rural continuum. The degree of urbanisation classification defines cities, towns and semi-dense areas, and rural areas.

This manual is intended to complement and not replace the definitions used by national statistical offices (NSOs) and ministries. It has been designed principally as a guide for data producers, suppliers and statisticians so that they have the necessary information to implement the methodology and ensure coherency within their data collections. It may also be of interest to users of subnational statistics so they may better understand, interpret and use official subnational statistics for taking informed decisions and policymaking. [+]

CoverMeasuring and communicating uncertainty in official statistics: state of the art and perspectives — 2021 edition

This paper examines the state-of-the-art methodologies that are available to measure and communicate uncertainties on official statistics in reports, publications and online resources. Our aim is to investigate the available tools for a more accurate representation of inherent uncertainties underlying economic and social statistics. For a complete assessment, we evaluate different categories of uncertainty ranging from sampling and non-sampling ones to conceptual uncertainty. We also briefly address some aspects of uncertainty, not necessarily related to its measurement, which could help in better understanding and interpreting it. Moreover, we discuss the quantification of uncertainty through quantitative methods and we investigate different communication tools applied by prominent European agencies. Further, together with some concluding remarks, we formulate a first series of recommendations addressed to statistical authorities. [+]

CoverCompendium of methodological clarifications — ESSPROS: European system of integrated social protection statistics — 2021 edition

The European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics (ESSPROS) aims to collect comparable statistical data by enforcing a common methodology. Given the different national social protection systems and their continuous adaptation to emerging needs, inevitably there are cases of interventions for which the methodology does not provide clear guidance on whether or not they should be included in ESSPROS and how they should be reported. This document provides a compendium of the analysis performed in order to give methodological clarifications, including cases where changes to the ESSPROS methodology were proposed and adopted by the Working Group on Social Protection Statistics. [+]

CoverStatistical Requirements Compendium — 2021 edition

The Statistical Requirements Compendium (SRC), published by Eurostat, serves as a reference document for the EU acquis in statistics. It summarises the key reference information for European statistical production, taking into account new legislation and other developments relevant for European statistics.

The SRC also serves as the framework for conducting compliance monitoring of the enlargement countries in the area of statistics. The 2021 edition of the Compendium follows the structure introduced in the 2017 edition, in line with the adapted version of the Classification of Statistical Activities (CSA) Rev.1 2009. For reference purpose the former modules codes are listed in the correspondence table in the table of orientation at the end of the Compendium. [+]

CoverThe interactive European System of Accounts — ESA 2010

The interactive European System of Accounts (ESA 2010) is a digital tool developed by Eurostat that allows users to easily browse within ESA 2010 as well as between ESA 2010 and selected related publications.

ESA 2010 is an internationally compatible accounting framework for a systematic and detailed description of an economy. It is applied by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, and all the EU Member States and the other countries in the European Statistical System. The structure of ESA 2010 is consistent with the worldwide guidelines on national accounting set out in the System of National Accounts 2008. [+]

CoverEuropean business statistics compiler's manual for international trade in goods statistics — 2021 edition

This Compilers Manual is meant to serve as a practical reference document for all National Statistical Authorities involved in the compilation of European trade in goods statistics. It is not intended to replace or complement any national instructions regulating the provision of statistical information by the economic operators involved in intra- and extra-EU trade in goods. [+]

CoverEuropean business statistics compilers’ manual for trade by enterprise characteristics — 2021 edition

The main objective of this Compilers’ Manual is to provide a comprehensive overview of the compilation of indicators on trade in goods by enterprise characteristics (TEC). It aims to serve as a methodological handbook providing the necessary definitions, instructions and methodological guidance for the regular compilation of TEC statistics. [+]

CoverInferring job vacancies from online job advertisements — 2021 edition

This study analyses online job advertisements collected by Cedefop in a pan-European approach. The main objective of the study is to develop estimator(s) for the number of job vacancies from data on online job advertisements taking into account the differences in the statistical unit and coverage. Although there are promising results for certain countries and industries, at the present stage the data are still experimental and could not be used to estimate the total number of vacancies. Based on the results, recommendations are provided to overcome the current limitations for future analysis. [+]

CoverInternational Recommendations on Internally Displaced Persons Statistics (IRIS)

The International Recommendations on Internally Displaced Persons Statistics (IRIS) provide a set of specific recommendations that countries and international organizations can use to improve the production, overall quality, coordination, and dissemination of statistics on internally displaced persons (IDPs).

The recommendations were produced as part of the mandate of the Expert Group on Refugee and Internally Displaced Persons Statistics (EGRIS). They have been developed as a joint and consolidated effort of experts from the national statistical systems and international organizations, all members of EGRIS. The recommendations were adopted by the United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC) in March 2020.

Although a separate product, the IRIS recommendations are aligned with the International Recommendations on Refugee Statistics (IRRS), also developed by the EGRIS. The link between these two documents is important because of similarities between the production of statistics about the two populations concerned, which are often both relevant in the same given country, particularly where returning refugees may be reintegrating alongside IDPs.

The IRIS recommendations build on the Technical Report on Statistics of Internally Displaced Persons, and links between IRIS and the technical report are referenced throughout, particularly in respect of country practices. [+]

CoverUser guide on European statistics on international trade in goods — 2020 edition

The purpose of this guide is to explain to a wide range of users how the statistics relating to trade in goods, both between EU Member States and with non-EU countries, are collected, compiled, processed and published at European level. The different issues are tackled in a question and answer format. [+]

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