CoverStrong recovery in rail freight transport performance in the first nine months of 2010
Statistics in focus. Transport 10/2012
Rail freight transport in Europe.
The total performance of rail freight transport in the EU-27 was estimated at 389 billion tonne-kilometres in 2010, a rise of 7.9% compared with 2009. This increase reflects the recovery of rail freight transport following the economic crisis (which brought to an end a sustained period of growth over recent years. [+]

CoverA fall in average vehicle loads
Statistics in focus. Transport 63/2011
Average loads, distances and empty running in road freight transport 2010
Average vehicle loads, after rising in 2007, began a sharp decline in 2008 which continued into early 2009 before a gradual recovery began (Figure 1). Two factors were behind this: a fall in construction activity for Europe as a whole; a faster decline in total international transport than in national transport in 2008 but with a faster recovery in 2010. Higher loads were reported for international transport than for national transport. Higher loads were also recorded by countries with heavy products, e.g. timber for Sweden or fruits and vegetables for Spain, or with a substantial international transport performance, e.g. Lithuania. Most road freight transport falls in the middle distance band with journeys between 150 km and 999 km. In 2009, longer distance transport (over 1 000 km) was hit very hard by the economic crisis but recovered strongly in 2010. Short distance transport was also strongly affected in 2009 and declined again in 2010, a reflection of the weakness in the European construction sector. Empty running is twice as prevalent in national transport than in international transport. Between 2007 and 2010, the ratio of empty running vehicle-kilometres in the total fell by one percentage point, from 25% to 24%. [+]

CoverSix years of road freight growth lost to the crisis
Statistics in focus. Transport 12/2011
Trends in EU road freight transport
The economic crisis has cancelled out 6 years of growth in European road freight transport. The first signs of growth returning to European road freight transport were apparent in the first and second quarters of 2010, although the second quarter of 2010 was still 9% below the level of the second quarter of 2008. 2009 saw a major decline of 10% in total European road freight transport compared with 2008. Within the total, international transport recorded the sharpest decline (-15% for EU-27), followed by national transport (-9%). In contrast, cabotage grew by 2%. Over the longer run, the Polish road freight industry has been a clear leader in terms of progress in all categories of international transport: international, cross-trade and cabotage. In terms of the types of products carried, the changes between 2009 and 2008 reflect the difficulties of Europe’s respective economic sectors. Metal ores and other mining and quarrying products were by far the most significant products in terms of tonnes, whereas in terms of tonne-kilometres (tkm), food, beverages and tobacco stood out. [+]

CoverThe fall in rail freight transport performance slowed down towards the end of 2009
Statistics in Focus. Transport 11/2011
Rail freight transport in Europe
The total performance of rail freight transport in the EU-27 was estimated at 366 billion tonne-kilometres in 2009, representing a reduction of more than 17% compared to 2008. This fall reflects the impact of the economic crisis on rail freight transport, which had registered sustained growth over recent years until the second quarter of 2008. Transit transport was particularly affected (-27% between 2008 and 2009), while the decline was less marked for national (-15%) and international (-20%) transport. [+]

CoverTransport networks concentrated around economic hubs
Statistics in focus. Transport 5/2011
Inland transport regional infrastructure (EU27, NUTS2, 2009 data)

The evolution of the transport network is closely linked to the general development of the economy. This is particularly true for goods transport and, to a smaller extent, for passenger transport. The EU has one of the densest transport networks in the world. This reflects a number of factors, including population density and transport demand. Transport demand is especially high in urban, industrial and other densely populated areas. The highest motorway density is found in the regions of the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Belgium. The motorway network is especially concentrated in regions with urbanised areas. Eight out of the nine regions showing the most significant motorway expansion between 1990 and 2009 are located in Spain. This reflects the strong development of the motorway network in this country over the last decades. Railway network density is especially high in the regions of the Czech Republic, Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany. The highest rail density ratios are often observed in capital regions, such as Berlin, Prague, Bucharest and Madrid. Regional rail density is especially driven by the presence of economic activities such as heavy industries or seaport infrastructures. [+]

CoverEnergy, transport and environment indicators. 2010 edition
The multi-thematic pocketbook Energy, transport and environment indicators comprises a broad set of data collected by Eurostat and the European Environment Agency. The objective of this publication is to provide an overview of the most relevant indicators on energy, transport and environment, with particular focus on climate change. It presents data for the European Union aggregate EU-27, for the EU Member States as well as for the candidate countries and EFTA countries. [+]

CoverSigns of recovery for air transport in Europe in 2009
Statistics in focus. Transport 2/2011
Icelandic volcanic eruption in early 2010 shows fragility of the air transport industry.
A decrease of 5.9% to 751 million passengers travelling by air was observed at EU-27 level between 2008 and 2009, reflecting the economic crisis which began in 2008. However, first signs of recovery became visible during the second quarter of 2009, when there was a decline of 6.8% in comparison with air passenger transport in the same quarter of 2008, against a fall of 12.0% for the first quarter of 2009. The last two quarters of 2009 confirmed the recovery in the air transport industry. This positive trend has to be taken with care: although this publication describes the situation of air transport in 2009, it also shows the effect the volcanic eruption in Iceland in early 2010 had on transport by air for passengers. It did lead to a substantial, though temporary, decrease of transport by air. While the first quarter of 2010 confirms the upward trend started in 2009, April 2010 shows a fall of 18% compared with April 2009. [+]

CoverMaritime transport of goods – 1st quarter 2010
Data in focus. Transport 52/2010
The main results from quarterly statistics available on maritime transport of goods are presented: gross weight of goods handled in the main European ports, by type of cargo, direction, reporting country and various partner maritime geographical areas. Results are also presented for individual top European ports. Data cover the EU-27, Croatia, Iceland and Norway. [+]

COVERAsylum applicants and first instance decisions on asylum applications in third quarter 2010
Data in focus. Population and social conditions 1/2011.
This quarterly publication gives an insight into recent developments in international protection including applicants for asylum and decisions on asylum applications. These data are supplied to Eurostat by the national Ministries of Interior and related official agencies. Most of the statistics presented in this Data in Focus are collected under the new regulatory framework of Regulation 862/2007 on statistics on migration and international protection. [+]

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