Estadísticas de la UE. CDE Universitat de València

CoverMethodology for calculating harmonised risk indicators for pesticides under Directive 2009/128/EC - 2021 edition 

Harmonised Risk Indicators are needed to estimate the trends in risk from pesticide use. Harmonised Risk Indicators are defined in the Directive 2009/128/EC establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides (the Sustainable Use Directive). These indicators are necessary to measure progress in meeting the main objective of the Directive - the reduction of risks from pesticide use for human health and the environment. The European Commission shall calculate them for the EU, and Member States should calculate the Harmonised Risk Indicators at a national level. The data to be used for the calculations shall be statistical data collected in accordance with Union legislation concerning statistics on plant protection products, i.e. Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 on pesticide statistics, and other relevant data. This document is intended to provide information to Member States to assist them in meeting their obligations under Article 15(2) of Directive 2009/128/EC. [+]

CoverEurostatistics — Data for short-term economic analysis — 04/2021 

Eurostatistics — Data for short-term economic analysis — shows the evolution of the economic activity in the European Union, euro area and Member States. This monthly review gives a synthetic picture of the macroeconomic situation in the recent past. It is based on Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs), complemented by some business cycle indicators. [+]

CoverProducing environmental accounts with environmentally extended input output analysis — 2021 edition 

This report demonstrates the potential of environmentally extended input output analysis (EEIO) as recommended by the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA). It presents practical examples produced and disseminated by statistical offices. [+]

CoverKey figures on European business — Statistics illustrated — 2021 edition

This first edition of Key Figures on European Business — Statistics Illustrated provides visualisations and innovative data presentations supported by concise texts and can be viewed as an introduction to European business statistics.

The publication presents a selection of key business statistics indicators for the European Union, the Member States and the EFTA countries. It starts with an overview, followed by more detailed analyses on four specific parts of the business economy — industry, construction, distributive trades and other non-financial services, and ends with a chapter on tourism. Each of these four chapters focusing on different parts of the business economy starts with an overview of the economic structure and continues with information on annual developments through to 2020. This publication also provides an initial review of COVID-19 impacts for different parts of the business economy. [+]

CoverEurostatistics — Data for short-term economic analysis — 03/2021 

Eurostatistics — Data for short-term economic analysis — shows the evolution of the economic activity in the European Union, euro area and Member States. This monthly review gives a synthetic picture of the macroeconomic situation in the recent past. It is based on Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs), complemented by some business cycle indicators. [+]

CoverApplying the Degree of Urbanisation — A methodological manual to define cities, towns and rural areas for international comparisons — 2021 edition

This manual has been produced in close collaboration by six organisations — the European Commission, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and The World Bank.

It presents a harmonised methodology to facilitate international statistical comparisons and to classify the entire territory of a country along an urban-rural continuum. The degree of urbanisation classification defines cities, towns and semi-dense areas, and rural areas.

This manual is intended to complement and not replace the definitions used by national statistical offices (NSOs) and ministries. It has been designed principally as a guide for data producers, suppliers and statisticians so that they have the necessary information to implement the methodology and ensure coherency within their data collections. It may also be of interest to users of subnational statistics so they may better understand, interpret and use official subnational statistics for taking informed decisions and policymaking. [+]

CoverMeasuring and communicating uncertainty in official statistics: state of the art and perspectives — 2021 edition

This paper examines the state-of-the-art methodologies that are available to measure and communicate uncertainties on official statistics in reports, publications and online resources. Our aim is to investigate the available tools for a more accurate representation of inherent uncertainties underlying economic and social statistics. For a complete assessment, we evaluate different categories of uncertainty ranging from sampling and non-sampling ones to conceptual uncertainty. We also briefly address some aspects of uncertainty, not necessarily related to its measurement, which could help in better understanding and interpreting it. Moreover, we discuss the quantification of uncertainty through quantitative methods and we investigate different communication tools applied by prominent European agencies. Further, together with some concluding remarks, we formulate a first series of recommendations addressed to statistical authorities. [+]

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CoverEuropean business statistics geonomenclature applicable to European statistics on international trade in goods — 2021 edition

The purpose of this publication is to provide the compilers and users of European statistics on international trade in goods with sound information on the nomenclature used to classify the reporting and partner countries. Besides including the latest version of the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Union and statistics of trade between Member States — known as the ‘Geonomenclature’ and abbreviated to GEONOM —, it also contains all the supplementary information that is essential to understand the content of this country classification and the evolution of its codes. A further aim of this publication is to document the geographical and economic areas covered by the trade in goods statistics as disseminated by Eurostat. [+]

CoverCompendium of methodological clarifications — ESSPROS: European system of integrated social protection statistics — 2021 edition

The European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics (ESSPROS) aims to collect comparable statistical data by enforcing a common methodology. Given the different national social protection systems and their continuous adaptation to emerging needs, inevitably there are cases of interventions for which the methodology does not provide clear guidance on whether or not they should be included in ESSPROS and how they should be reported. This document provides a compendium of the analysis performed in order to give methodological clarifications, including cases where changes to the ESSPROS methodology were proposed and adopted by the Working Group on Social Protection Statistics. [+]

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