This paper analyses child deprivation in 31 European countries, using the scale officially adopted in March 2018 to measure child-specific deprivation at EU level. It combines single level and multilevel models to get a full picture of child deprivation drivers in EU countries. With regard to within-country differences, our results confirm the combined impact of variables related to the “longer-term command over resources” and variables indicating “household needs”. However, our results also show that the relationship of these variables with child deprivation differs between countries. In the richest countries, the explanatory power of the variables related to household needs is the largest, whereas in the most deprived countries, the explanatory power of resource variables is generally greater. With regard to between-country differences, the specification of the model needs careful consideration. We argue that multilevel models should include household income at the micro level, if the aim is to fully gauge the impact of households’ “longer-term command over resources” at the micro level. The multilevel model then assesses how much country-level features that are not reflected in household income and other individual characteristics at the micro level contribute to explaining differences across countries in deprivation. We find that public spending on in-kind social benefits is significant in this respect. Public spending on cash transfers plays only a limited role, when household incomes at the micro level are included; they play a significant role when household income is excluded. This does not diminish the importance of cash transfers in fighting child deprivation, but it qualifies the conclusions of papers which have analysed the relationship of social transfers on deprivation, using multilevel models but without controlling for individual household income. Finally, we find a significant relationship of GDP per capita, even when individual household incomes are included. This is not self-evident: it shows that GDP per capita is a proxy for important contextual variables which are not reflected in individual incomes and other individual characteristics. [+]
La UE va a ayudar a más de 2 300 000 de niños de 42 países con educación en situaciones de emergencia
La Comisión Europea ha anunciado hoy una dotación de 52 millones EUR de ayuda humanitaria concretamente destinada a proyectos de enseñanza a niños en situaciones de emergencia en 2016. La dotación aportada por la Comisión refleja su compromiso previo de dedicar el 4 % de su presupuesto de ayuda humanitaria a la educación.
Estos fondos ayudarán a más de 2 300 000 niños de 42 países de todo el mundo y se destinarán a las regiones donde los niños corren un mayor riesgo de exclusión escolar o de sufrir interrupciones en su educación: Oriente Próximo (especialmente Siria e Irak), África Oriental, Central y Occidental, Asia, Ucrania, América Central y Colombia. (RAPID, IP/16/1224, 5.4.2016)
‛Being young in Europe today' presents some of Eurostat's most interesting data on children and young people in the European Union. It gives an insight into the past, current and future situation of our youngest fellow citizens, ranging from attending school and participating in sport and leisure activities, to leaving the parental home and entering the professional life. Data are presented for the European Union and its Member States as well as for the EFTA countries. [+]
Eurydice Policy Brief Early Childhood Education and Care 2014
Eurydice. 17 November 2014
This executive summary, succinctly explains the main contents of the Key Data on Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe 2014 Edition, a report published by Eurydice jointly with Eurostat in June 2014. It shows that various solutions for the education and care of children under compulsory school age exist across European countries. This policy brief summarises the main challenges in improving access to ECEC and the quality of that provision. It also demonstrates how these challenges are currently being addressed by policy makers across Europe. [+]