This annual report shows how fee and support systems (including grants and loans) interact in higher education in Europe. It provides both a comparative overview and individual country sheets outlining the main elements of national systems. In particular, the publication describes the range of fees charged to students, specifying the categories of students that are required to pay and those who may be exempt. Similarly, it explains the types and amounts of public support available in the form of grants and loans, as well as tax benefits and family allowances, where applicable. The report focuses on fees and support in public and government‐dependent private higher education institutions. It includes data on short‐cycle, first‐cycle (Bachelor level) and second‐cycle (Master level) programmes. Information covers 38 countries, including the 28 EU Member States as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey. [+]
This report was planned in the wake of the refugee crisis and aims at assessing to what extent national systems are able to respond to the needs of asylum seekers and refugees in higher education. While there is a strong potential demand for higher education among refugees and many have previously been enrolled in university programmes in their home country, it cannot be taken for granted that this demand is easily met.
This report is divided into two main parts. The first presents a selection of indicators on migratory flows which provide the context for the report. Building on this, the second part offers an overview of policies, strategies and measures that exist across European countries for the integration of asylum seekers and refugees in higher education. Although, in a majority of countries there is no specific policy approach, good practice can be found in a few systems on matters such as recognition of undocumented qualifications, support to language learning, financial support and personal guidance services. [+]
This new Eurydice report investigates what top-level education authorities across Europe do to promote the integration of students from a migrant background into schools. It presents a comparative mapping of a wide range of national policies and measures aimed at placing newly arrived migrant students in schools. They also include initiatives addressing the students' language, learning and psycho-social support needs (in the reference year 2017/18).
The report also offers a deeper analysis of some of the measures that can enable schools to welcome students from diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds and to take into account students’ social and emotional well-being in order to encourage their learning and development. The report focuses on top-level regulations and recommendations covering primary, general lower and upper secondary education as well as school-based initial vocational education and training. [+]
Is there anywhere in Europe where students can study without paying fees? Which countries charge the highest fees? What kind of financial support is offered to students, and who actually receives it? When students plan for higher education, one important element to consider is how much it will cost and whether they can receive any financial support. Reliable information on the costs and available student support in higher education is essential.
The report shows how fee and support systems, including grants and loans, interact in higher education in Europe. It describes the range of fees charged to students in publicly-funded higher education, specifying the categories of students that are required to pay and those who may be exempt. It also explains the types and amounts of public support available in the form of grants and loans, as well as tax benefits and family allowances, where applicable. [+]
This report gives information on statutory salaries and allowances for teachers and school heads in pre-primary, primary and secondary public school. The comparative analyses, which includes 41 European education systems, shows an increase in teacher's pay but also differences in salary conditions and salary progression across Europe. Salaries have in fact increased by at least 3 % in 18 education systems. However, real salaries (i.e. discounting inflation) of beginning teachers are lower in nine European countries than in 2009/10 i.e. the years following the financial crisis. Differences between countries concern not only the level of basic salaries but also the number of years’ service necessary to achieve the maximum, which can go from 6 to 42 years depending on the country. Data displayed on the national sheets are collected jointly by the Eurydice and the OECD/ NESLI networks. [+]
This report provides information on the structure of mainstream education in European countries from pre-primary to tertiary level for the 2018/19 school and academic year. It includes national schematic diagrams, an explanatory guide and a map showing the main organisational models of compulsory education. The information is available for 43 European education systems covering 38 countries participating in the EU's Erasmus+ programme. [+]
The Council of the European Union has set the goal of reducing low achievement in reading, mathematics and science among 15-year-olds to less than 15 % by 2020. How are European countries going to achieve this? One of the key elements in the learning process is the instruction time available to students. In fact, not only the quality of instruction but also the time available for learning can have a positive effect on students' learning process, in particular, in the case of disadvantaged students. This Instruction Time report analyses the recommended minimum instruction time in full-time compulsory general education in 43 European education systems for the year 2017-2018. Special attention is paid to subjects, with a special focus on reading, writing and literature, mathematics, natural sciences and social studies. [+]
This latest Bologna Process Implementation Report presents a wide-ranging and detailed picture on how the European Higher Education Area(EHEA) has been moving forward since the Yerevan Conference in 2015. It follows the two previous Bologna Process Implementation Reports (2012 and 2015). In particular, the report explores the evolution of the key policy areas identified by Higher Education Ministers in the Yerevan Communiqué of 2015. It does this through its seven chapters: The European Higher Education Area Landscape; Learning and Teaching; Degrees and Qualifications; Quality Assurance and Recognition; Opening Higher Education to a Diverse Student Population; Relevance of the Outcomes and Employability; Internationalisation and Mobility.
By using qualitative information and statistical data, the report outlines the current state of play of the Bologna Process from various stakeholders' perspectives. It also addresses the key commitments that underpin the EHEA: implementation of the three-cycle degree structure, recognition of qualifications and quality assurance. Moreover, the report outlines the Bologna Process's most recent priorities: learning and teaching, social inclusion and employability. [+]
EACEA A7 has launched its new Eurydice website, with a new design and new features.
Eurydice is Europe’s network of 42 national units based in all 38 countries of the Erasmus+ programme. It explains how education systems are organised in Europe and how they work, by publishing detailed descriptions of national education systems, comparative studies devoted to specific topics, indicators and statistics, as well as news and articles related to the field of education. All pages of the previous platform will be automatically redirected to the Homepage of the new website.
At a time when the importance of teachers is becoming increasingly apparent, what are the main challenges in the teaching profession related to supply and demand? How do education systems address these issues? How does one qualify to be a teacher? What support is available once qualified? What are the career opportunities in this profession?
The comparative overview of national policies on teacher careers across Europe, which covers 43 European education systems, provides an analysis of different aspects of the teaching profession. The report focuses on primary and general secondary education. The main themes include: forward planning and main challenges in teacher supply and demand, entry to the teaching profession and teacher mobility, continuing professional development and support, career development, and teacher appraisal. [+]