El índice de competitividad regional, actualizado cada tres años, permite que las regiones supervisen y valoren su evolución en el tiempo y en comparación con otras regiones. Mediante su herramienta web interactiva, tanto los responsables políticos como los ciudadanos pueden ver a qué nivel se sitúa su región en términos de innovación, gobernanza, transporte, infraestructura digital, sanidad o capital humano. Al ayudar a las regiones a detectar sus puntos fuertes y débiles y a orientar las inversiones públicas, el índice puede suponer un instrumento poderoso con miras a la preparación de los nuevos programas. (RAPID, IP/19/5990, 7.10.2019)
Decisión 2019/721 de la Comisión, de 30 de abril de 2019, sobre la propuesta de iniciativa ciudadana titulada «Política de cohesión para la igualdad de las regiones y la preservación de las culturas regionales» (Cohesion policy for the equality of the regions and sustainability of the regional cultures) [registrada] (DOUE L 122/55, 10.5.2019)
National figures alone cannot reveal the full and sometimes complex picture of what is happening at a more detailed level within the European Union (EU). In this respect, statistical information at a subnational level is an important tool for highlighting specific regional and territorial aspects. It helps in analysing changing patterns and the impact that policy decisions can have on our daily life.
In order to provide a detailed picture of the diverse EU territories and to monitor EU regional policy targets, Eurostat has developed a range of statistics based on different classifications and typologies. These include data for: regions, cities and greater cities, metropolitan regions, rural areas and regions. Specific geographies such as coastal regions, mountain regions, border regions or island regions are also covered. [+]
Regional and Urban Policy. Access to universities in the EU: a regional and territorial analysis By Hugo Poelman and Lewis Dijkstra
Regional Focus A series of short papers on regional research and indicators produced by the Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy 01/2018 December 2018
This regional focus shows the regions and areas that have good access to a university and those that do not. It uses data on the location of all universities, population grid statistics and the road network to measure the number of people who live more than a 45-minute drive from a university.
Convenient access to higher education can be an important asset for regional development and competitiveness. It can boost innovation and upgrade the skills of the labour force through education and lifelong learning. Widespread access will allow more people to attend university, including those who cannot afford to move to get a degree.
In general, universities are quite widely distributed across Europe. In the EU and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) area an average of four out of five people live within a 45-minute drive of the main campus of at least one university. Nevertheless, in one in five NUTS-3 regions the majority of the population cannot reach a university in 45 minutes. These regions together represent 14 % of the EU plus EFTA’s population. Two-thirds of these regions lost population since 2010, compared to less than one-third of the regions where the majority lives close to at least one university. Most of the regions with low access to a university are located in eastern Member States. [+]