Documentos. CDE Universitat de València

CoverCitizenship Education in Europe
Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency, 2012
Citizenship education in Europe shows that all European countries now have introduced central regulations to promote student participation in school governance. Encouraging citizens, particularly young people, to actively engage in social and political life has recently become a growing political priority both at national and European level. Because education is viewed as a principal means to promote active citizenship, the report aims to capture how policies and measures relating to citizenship education have evolved over recent years in European countries. To this end, the report provides an overview of the state of play on five main topics: 1) Curriculum aims and organisation; 2) student and parent participation in schools; 3) school culture and student participation in society; 4) assessment and evaluation; 5) and support for teachers and school heads.
The report provides information on 31 of the Eurydice Network countries (EU Member States, Iceland, Norway, Croatia and Turkey). The reference year is 2010/11. [+]

CoverKey Data on Education in Europe 2012
© Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency and Eurydice, 2012.
ISBN 978-92-9201-242-7. doi:10.2797/77414

The Eurydice Network is producing the Key Data on Education report for more than 15 years. Initially, only a general report with indicators on education was published and, at present, in addition, three thematic Key Data reports are also disseminated (Foreign Languages, Innovation and ICT and Higher Education). Moreover, starting from 2012/13, two new thematic Key Data reports on Early Childhood Education and on Teachers and School Heads will be developed. The general Key Data on Education report, published jointly with Eurostat, is a unique publication and a flagship product for the Eurydice Network as it combines statistical data and qualitative information to describe the organisation and functioning of education systems in Europe.
The present edition of Key Data on Education has redefined structure and reduced overall number of indicators. However, the statistical and contextual indicators have longer data time series presenting the developments in the European education systems in the last decade. In this way, the report constitutes a useful complementary tool to accompany the publication of the Joint report on Education and Training 2020. This comprehensive outline, covering all levels of education and including the main trends in European education, would provide a context for the main themes discussed in the Joint report. [+]

Eurydice tiene la satisfacción de anunciarle el lanzamiento oficial de la Eurypedia – la Enciclopedia Europea sobre los Sistemas Educativos, un nuevo recurso on line para ayudar a conocer con mayor profundidad los sistemas educativos europeos y sus reformas más recientes.
El objetivo de esta nueva herramienta el proporcionar una visión lo más precisa posible sobre la organización de los sistemas educativos europeos. Eurypedia contiene más de 5.000 artículos sobre 38 sistemas educativos y universitarios de los 33 países que participan en el Programa de acción de la Unión Europea en el ámbito del Aprendizaje Permanente(los 27 Estados miembros de la UE, Croacia, Islandia, Liechtenstein, Noruega, Suiza and Turquía). Eurypedia es una herramienta wiki cuyos artículos son publicados directamente por la Unidades Nacionales de Eurydice, en colaboración con sus respectivos ministerios de educación y/o expertos nacionales. Los contenidos de la Eurypedia estarán en permanente actualización, de modo que todas las innovaciones y reformas de los diferentes sistemas educativos.
Todos los contenidos de la Eurypedia pueden consultarse en inglés y, en su caso, en la lengua propia del país correspondiente (como en el caso de España). La información que aparece en la Eurypedia está convenientement organizada por tema y por país, y sirve tanto para conocer los diferentes aspectos de un sistema educativo en particular como para comparar distintos países en relación con un mismo tema. [+]

CoverScience Education in Europe: National Policies, Practices and Research
The study examines the organisation of science teaching in Europe and provides an overview of existing policies and strategies that aim at improving and fostering science teaching and learning today. It looks at support measures available to teachers and schools for boosting students' motivation and interest in science. The study also contains a literature review on science education, main findings from the international surveys PISA and TIMSS as well as results from a Eurydice pilot survey (SITEP) on the content of initial teacher education programmes. It covers 31 countries (all EU Member States, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey) and takes the reference year 2010/11. [+]

CoverMathematics Education in Europe: Common Challenges and National Policies
Competence in mathematics is integral to a wide range of disciplines, professions and areas of life. This Eurydice report reveals crucial elements of the policies and practices that shape mathematics instruction in European education systems, focusing on reforms of mathematics curricula, teaching and assessment methods, as well as teacher education. The report also explores how countries tackle low achievement and increase students’ motivation to learn mathematics. It is based on an extensive literature review on mathematics education, main findings from the international surveys PISA and TIMSS and includes the results of a Eurydice pilot survey (SITEP) on the content of initial teacher education programmes. It covers 31 countries (all EU Member States, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey) and takes the reference year 2010/11. [+]

CoverTrends in European education during the last decade
Statistics in focus. Population and social conditions 54/2011.
This Statistics in Focus presents characteristics of European education and training systems between 2000 and 2009, from when children start in school, until they leave as young adults. It emphasises major trends at each educational level in terms of enrolments, education expectancy, teacher characteristics and graduates. From 2000 to 2009 there was a significant rise in children attending pre-primary education and students could on average expect to stay 17 years in education. The number of students in compulsory education has fallen sharply in many countries, particularly in Eastern Europe. There are relatively more men in vocational training whereas women dominate in tertiary education with notable subject specific exceptions. Students spend more time in tertiary education but there have also been sharp increases in the number of tertiary education graduates. [+]

Tribunal de Cuentas. Informe Especial 10/2011
¿Son eficaces los programas Leche para los escolares y Fruta en las escuelas?
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La Unión Europea lleva más de 30 años subvencionando el suministro de productos lácteos en las escuelas a precios reducidos y recientemente ha iniciado un segundo programa de distribución de fruta. El Tribunal ha realizado una verificación conjunta de la eficacia de estos dos programas. En el presente informe constata la eficacia muy limitada del programa “Leche para los escolares”, que sufre en particular de un importante efecto de peso muerto y de una escasa dimensión pedagógica. Basándose en ciertas buenas prácticas observadas y en los inicios prometedores de las distribuciones gratuitas de fruta, el informe refleja sin embargo que existen posibles soluciones (DOUE C 313/05, 26.10.2011)

Cover14 % of the funding of education institutions in the EU in 2008 comes from private sources
Statistics in Focus. Population and social conditions 50/2011
In 2008, public education expenditure represented approximately 5 % of GDP. That year, at the start of the economic crisis, public education expenditure grew 2.8 % in real terms, 2.4 percentage points above GDP growth. Private entities expenditure in education institutions was 0.75 % of GDP, but there were significant differences in the EU, ranging from 0.15% in Finland to 1.72 % in the United Kingdom. The importance of public financial aid to students also varied considerably among countries in 2008, from 1.2 % to 16 % of public education expenditure. [+]

En casi todos los países europeos, el salario de base bruto de los profesores al empezar su carrera profesional es más bajo que el PIB nacional per cápita; este salario no llegará a duplicarse a lo largo de su vida laboral, excepto en unos pocos Estados miembros. Estas son las principales constataciones de un informe en el que se compara el salario de los profesores y los directores de centros de enseñanza del sector público en veintisiete Estados miembros de la UE e Islandia, Liechtenstein, Noruega y Turquía. Los datos, basados en el año académico 2009/2010, abarcan desde la educación preescolar hasta el ciclo superior de secundaria. Tomando en consideración los datos disponibles, así como los niveles tanto de los salarios como de las prestaciones compensatorias, los profesores mejor pagados en la Unión Europea son los de Luxemburgo, Dinamarca y Austria. Los peor pagados, los de Bulgaria y Rumanía. En los Estados miembros hay actualmente seis millones de profesores. La publicación del informe, elaborado por la red Eurydice de la Comisión, se ha hecho coincidir con el Día Mundial de los Profesores (5 de octubre). (RAPID, IP/11/1153, 4.10.2011)

CoverTeachers and School Heads Salaries and Allowances in Europe, 2009/10
Comisión Europea. Eurydice, 2011
The Eurydice Network has been collecting and publishing data on teachers and school heads salaries since 1995. Traditionally the information was used primarily in Key Data on Education reports, where two sections were devoted to a comparative analysis of issues related to teachers and school heads. Following the previous positive experience, in 2010, the Eurydice Network decided to collect and publish on a yearly basis information on the salaries and allowances for teachers and school heads. The present document presents in a comprehensive way national information on teachers and school heads remunerations from Pre-primary education (ISCED 0) to Upper-secondary education (ISCED3) for 31 education systems in Europe. [+]


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