CoverCities in the World - A New Perspective on Urbanisation
OCDE Urban Studies, 2020

Cities are not only home to around half of the global population but also major centers of economic activity and innovation. Yet, so far there has been no consensus of what a city really is. Substantial differences in the way cities, metropolitan, urban, and rural areas are defined across countries hinder robust international comparisons and an accurate monitoring of SDGs. The report Cities in the World: A New Perspective on Urbanisation addresses this void and provides new insights on urbanisation by applying for the first time two new definitions of human settlements to the entire globe: the Degree of Urbanisation and the Functional Urban Area. Based on the definitions, the report presents new evidence of recent and future urbanisation trends and sheds light on the evolution of metropolitan areas around the globe. It examines whether and why quality of life differs between cities and other types of settlements. It analyses the relationship between economic development and the metropolitan system in countries around the world. Finally, it presents new evidence on the changing shape of cities and its impact on sustainability. The report demonstrates how globally consistent definitions of cities and metropolitan areas can contribute to more effective policy design. [+]

Historia de la Europa Urbana III. La ciudad moderna
Olivier Zeller
València: Publicacions Universitat de València, 2011
Bajo la dirección de Jean-Luc Pinol, este volumen ofrece una amplia síntesis de la urbanización europea durante los siglos XVI-XVIII, ya que marcaron unas tendencias decisivas en la historia de las ciudades que deben buscarse sobre todo en la recomposición de los sistemas locales de poderes. El centralismo absolutista transformó profundamente las formas de gobierno urbanas y reforzó el papel político y económico de las ciudades capitales. El crecimiento demográfico y el desarrollo de la producción y del comercio tendían a insertar cada vez con más fuerza a las ciudades en unas redes que superaban los antiguos marcos de las jerarquías administrativas, religiosas o judiciales. Esta interdependencia suscitaba nuevas formas de vulnerabilidad ante los cambios de la coyuntura, y propició reajustes que esbozaban lo que sería la geografía urbana de la era industrial. [+]
1.1 ZEL his

Updated urban-rural typology: integration of NUTS 2010 and the latest population grid
Statistics in focus 16/2013.
The Urban-rural typology classifies the NUTS-3 regions of the European Union (EU) into three different categories: predominantly urban, intermediate and predominantly rural. The methodology used to do this has remained unchanged. However, the typology has been updated by taking the latest version of the NUTS classification and population grid into account. In the following text, the term 'update' refers to these changes. [+]

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