CoverApplying the Degree of Urbanisation — A methodological manual to define cities, towns and rural areas for international comparisons — 2021 edition

This manual has been produced in close collaboration by six organisations — the European Commission, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and The World Bank.

It presents a harmonised methodology to facilitate international statistical comparisons and to classify the entire territory of a country along an urban-rural continuum. The degree of urbanisation classification defines cities, towns and semi-dense areas, and rural areas.

This manual is intended to complement and not replace the definitions used by national statistical offices (NSOs) and ministries. It has been designed principally as a guide for data producers, suppliers and statisticians so that they have the necessary information to implement the methodology and ensure coherency within their data collections. It may also be of interest to users of subnational statistics so they may better understand, interpret and use official subnational statistics for taking informed decisions and policymaking. [+]

CoverCities in the World - A New Perspective on Urbanisation
OCDE Urban Studies, 2020

Cities are not only home to around half of the global population but also major centers of economic activity and innovation. Yet, so far there has been no consensus of what a city really is. Substantial differences in the way cities, metropolitan, urban, and rural areas are defined across countries hinder robust international comparisons and an accurate monitoring of SDGs. The report Cities in the World: A New Perspective on Urbanisation addresses this void and provides new insights on urbanisation by applying for the first time two new definitions of human settlements to the entire globe: the Degree of Urbanisation and the Functional Urban Area. Based on the definitions, the report presents new evidence of recent and future urbanisation trends and sheds light on the evolution of metropolitan areas around the globe. It examines whether and why quality of life differs between cities and other types of settlements. It analyses the relationship between economic development and the metropolitan system in countries around the world. Finally, it presents new evidence on the changing shape of cities and its impact on sustainability. The report demonstrates how globally consistent definitions of cities and metropolitan areas can contribute to more effective policy design. [+]

La Comisión otorga a veintidós ciudades financiación para proyectos innovadores; pone en marcha una nueva convocatoria de proyectos para la seguridad en los espacios públicos urbanos.

La Comisión ha anunciado las ciudades ganadoras de la tercera convocatoria de proyectos de la iniciativa Acciones Urbanas Innovadoras. Con 92 millones de euros del Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional se financiarán soluciones innovadoras a desafíos urbanos, tales como la calidad del aire, el cambio climático, la vivienda, y los puestos de trabajo y las capacidades necesarios para la economía local. La Comisión también pone en marcha hoy la cuarta convocatoria de la iniciativa Acciones Innovadoras Urbanas. Cuenta con 100 millones de euros a disposición de las ciudades, destinados a financiar proyectos innovadores para proteger los espacios públicos y reducir su vulnerabilidad, como se anunció en el Plan de acción de 2017, en el marco de la Agenda Europea de Seguridad. La convocatoria financiará también proyectos digitales, medioambientales y de inclusión. (RAPID, IP/18/6062, 10.10.2018)

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