Bibliografía. CDE Universitat de València

JCMSAlexander Jung, Francesco Paolo Mongelli y Philippe Moutot
How are the Eurosystem's Monetary Policy Decisions Prepared? A Roadmap
JCMS: Journal of Commoon Market Studies. Vol 48 Issue 2. Marzo 2010

The monetary policy framework of the Eurosystem has received considerable attention in recent years: there is a well-established and rich literature on the price stability objective, as well as the two-pillar strategy of the ECB. This is less the case for the regular monetary policy preparations and the decision-making process. This article provides an insider’s roadmap to the procedures to prepare monetary policy decisions by the Governing Council of the ECB. The architecture of the Eurosystem permits the processing and analysis of a vast amount of national and aggregate economic, financial and monetary data and assists the Governing Council in taking monetary policy decisions – and this each month. Our aim is to describe the role of a variety of committees and sub-committees that prepare and support the monetary policy decision-making process. A federal organization is at the heart of this process. At the top of the pyramid of information there is a two-tiered committee structure with the Executive Board taking the lead in bringing together most of the economic, financial and monetary analyses, and the Governing Council utilizing that information, for its monthly economic and monetary analyses.
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Alfonso Arpaia, economic_papersNicola Curci
EU labour market behaviour during the Great Recession
European Economy. Economic Papers. #405. Marzo 2010
This paper provides an analysis of the labour market adjustment to the 2008-2009 recession. It highlights differences in the response of employment and unemployment across countries and different socioeconomic groups. For all EU Member States, it provides evidence of the developments during the crisis of the monthly job finding and separation rates. This helps to assess whether the increase in unemployment is due to an increase of job separation or to a decline in the job finding rate. The paper discusses the risks of jobless growth and compares the dynamics of unemployment and employment across different periods. It provides evidence of an asymmetric response over the cycle, with recessions being characterised by more job destruction than by job creation in the following recoveries. The analysis of the wage dynamics suggests that there has been an adjustment in the compensation per employee led by the variable component; yet, this has not been sufficient to avoid the increase in the nominal unit labour costs due to labour hoardin.
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JCMSNina McGuinness y Connor O’Carroll
Benchmarking Europe's Lab Benches: How Successful has the OMC been in Research Policy?
JCMS: Journal of Commoon Market Studies. Vol 48 Issue 2. Marzo 2010

This article traces the progress of the open method of co-ordination in research policy, and examines one of its strands, the Mobility Strategy, as a ‘best practice’ OMC. Despite the critical analyses it has received to date, we argue that the OMC has shown the potential to impact on national systems and achieve convergence, albeit not necessarily of a quantitative kind. Under the Ljubljana Process, the OMC has been confirmed as the central method of governance to further develop the European research area and here we put forward several recommendations for its future application. [+]

economic_papers

Mark Hayden, Paul J.J. Veenendaal, Žiga Žarnić
Options for International Financing of Climate Change Mitigation in Developing Countries
European Economy. Economic Papers. #406. Marzo 2010
This paper provides a model-based analysis of the potential macro-economic impacts of different options for international financing of climate change mitigation in developing countries. The model used is the multi-region and multi-sector climate change version of the WorldScan model. Following the outcome of the UNFCCC conference in Copenhagen, it makes no specific assumptions about the future international climate regime. The analysis shows that the environmental prospects systematically improve in a transition from the Clean Development Mechanism projects towards a global carbon market, while the opposite is foreseen for the economic costs. The more of a carbon market we have when moving from the project-based CDM to sectoral crediting mechanisms and internationally linked cap-and-trade, the more finance the carbon market will channel to developing countries.
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JCMSHelena Marqués
Migration Creation and Diversion in the European Union: Is Central and Eastern Europe a 'Natural' Member of the Single Market for Labour?
JCMS: Journal of Commoon Market Studies. Vol 48 Issue 2. Marzo 2010

This article applies the concepts of trade creation and trade diversion to immigration into the EU-15 in order to investigate whether during 1986–2006 there were any significant preference effects in favour of the CEECs (central and eastern European countries) that make them ‘natural’members of the EU single market for labour. If this hypothesis is true, there should have been strong migration creation but little migration diversion in the last 20 years. The results broadly support migration creation for the CEECs prior to theirEUmembership.At the same time, the evidence of diversion away from other world regions is mixed. The combined impact of a common language and established communities, compared to distance and a common border, may contribute to the preservation of migration channels from outside Europe.Within Europe, to be an EU outsider can have a negative impact on migration channels. Moreover, whilst liberal immigration policies increase immigration contemporaneously, restrictive immigration policies only show an impact with a two-year lag.
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ElcanoAntonio Ruiz Ramos Membrive y Victor Manuel Amado Castro
Ucrania tras las elecciones presidenciales 2010
Análisis del Real Instituto Elcano. # 39/2010. Febrero 2010

Las elecciones presidenciales ucranianas, celebradas entre enero y febrero de 2010, deben ser vistas, por su manifiesta limpieza y sus estrechos resultados, como un paso importante en la consolidación de Ucrania como un Estado europeo e independiente, cuya democracia quiere desarrollarse y hacerse vibrante. El veredicto de las urnas ha sido claro: el pueblo ucraniano desea que Viktor Yanukovich reciba y continúe el legado de la Revolución Naranja que precisamente se promovió en contra de su elección como presidente cinco años atrás, que acerque más al país a la UE, y que mejore las relaciones con la Federación Rusa. A este respecto, el interés de España estribaría en coadyuvar a que Ucrania sea una nación próspera, estable, independiente y cercana a la UE. [+]

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balcanesRuiz, Jiménez, José Ángel (Ed.)
Balcanes, la herida abierta de Europa. Conflicto y reconstrucción de la convivencia.
Editorial Plaza y Valdés, 2010

Desde el inicio de las guerras balcánicas en 1991, ha existido un constante interés académico y mediático en esa región, casi siempre centrado en su cara más violenta y llamativa: guerras, limpiezas étnicas, nacionalismos asesinos, odios milenarios, etc. Esta obra ofrece una imagen distinta, más cercana y a la vez más compleja, sobre los Balcanes. Para ello, especialistas en diversas áreas (Historia, Economía, Ciencias Políticas, Sociología, ONGs y Ejército) se dan cita para ofrecer una perspectiva multidisciplinar de las piezas clave del complejo puzzle en que se ha convertido la región. Sin la pretenciosidad de exhaustivas monografías que se centran únicamente en aspectos políticos y bélicos, más allá de la superficialidad periodística, y sin la excesiva prolijidad de las actas de congresos universitarios, la idea de este libro es ofrecer una lectura ágil y tan próxima a académicos como asequible a los lectores interesados.
Esperamos que tras la lectura de este libro, el lector descubra que la Península Balcánica constituye uno de los rincones más atractivos, sugerentes y diversos de nuestro continente; y que es menester contribuir a disipar los estereotipos negativos que a veces se asocian con los pueblos balcánicos, conociendo sus problemas, pero también resaltando sus ricas tradiciones culturales, la enorme valía de sus gentes y su destacado papel en la historia de Europa.
11.4454 RUI bal

ECOIN001375Alex Rialp, Josep Rialp, Gary A. Knight
La vocación global de los nuevos modelos de pymes. El caso de las empresas born globals
Economía Industrial. # 375. 2010

La internacionalización empresarial, generalmente entendida como el proceso de actuar más allá de las fronteras domésticas (Welch y Loustarinen, 1988) y de adaptar la actuación de la empresa al escenario internacional (Calof y Beamish, 1995), puede considerarse como una cuestión clave en la estrategia actual de muchas empresas (Welch y Welch, 1996). [+]

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