Documentos. CDE Universitat de València
Science, technology and innovation in Europe. 2009 Edition. It is widely recognised that knowledge and innovation are the key determinants of jobs and growth. With a wide set of data tables, graphs and written analysis, this publication draws a comprehensive picture of the Science, Technology and Innovation activities in the European Union as carried out by its people, enterprises and governments . It reveals in particular the contributions and expenditures on research and development; defines the characteristics of the high-skilled people participating. It further widely describes the innovation activities of enterprises as well as patenting which is one of the channels leading to commercialising newly developed technology. [+]
Germany: largest absolute growth in international road freight transport demand, 2007. Statistics in focus. Transport 69/2009. Flows in international road freight transport. Germany, Spain, France, UK, Italy and Poland dominated the demand for road freight transport (tonnes loaded and unloaded) in 2007, accounting for 70% of the European total. Germany was the main partner in all types of transport. International transport flows accounted for 5% of the total and Germany showed the biggest absolute growth in international road freight transport. The fast relative growth in Poland (17%) was outstripped by even stronger rises in some of the other new Member States, notably Slovakia, Latvia and Hungary. Germany and France appeared in 14 of the top 18 intra EU-27 country to country flows. The Netherlands and Belgium with their major ports were also big players. Polish hauliers emerged as strong competitors, appearing as the main third country hauliers in 8 of the top 18 country to country flows. Outside the EU-27, Switzerland, Norway and Russia were the main markets. Sweden and Finland were important actors in this arena. A complete overview of statistics on road freight transport is available in Eurostat’s free dissemination database. [+]
Population growth slowing and life expectancy increasing in the Euro-Mediterranean region, 2000-2007. Statistics in focus. Population and social conditions 66/2009. Between the years 2000 and 2007, the population in the nine Mediterranean partner countries (MPCs) grew faster than in the EU-27 (13.0% compared with 2.6%). Over the same period, the population of Turkey increased by 9.3%. Growth rates varied widely among the MPCs, with annual rates of well over 2% in the occupied Palestinian territory and Jordan, and virtually nil in Lebanon. Patterns of crude birth and death rates were broadly consistent with that of population growth, with high birth rates in the MPCs compared to a low birth rate coupled with a relatively high death rate in the EU-27. Apart from Israel, life expectancy was lower in the MPCs and Turkey than in the EU-27 – although this indicator improved in all countries over the period 2000-2007. The proportion of the population in the three age groups (under 15, 15-64, and 65 and over) varied greatly with, for example, 46% of Palestinians in the youngest group compared with 16% in the EU-27. For clarity, only the years 2000 and 2007 are shown in the graphs. [+]
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