Documentos. CDE Universitat de València

Tribunal de Cuentas. Informe Especial 13/2019. Marcos éticos de las instituciones de la UE auditadas: se pueden mejorar (DOUE C 247/08, 23.7.2019)

En este informe especial, el Tribunal evaluó si los marcos éticos del Parlamento Europeo, el Consejo de la Unión Europea y el Consejo Europeo y la Comisión Europea estaban bien implantados. En su examen, que abarcó todos los niveles del personal y los miembros de las instituciones, el Tribunal analizó la sensibilización del personal sobre el marco ético de las instituciones a través de una encuesta. La aplicación de los marcos éticos en las instituciones auditadas no se examinó en la auditoría.

El Tribunal llegó a la conclusión de que, globalmente, las instituciones auditadas han establecido unos marcos éticos adecuados que aún pueden mejorar. El Tribunal constató que no existe un marco ético común de la UE que rija las actividades de los representantes de los Estados miembros en el Consejo.

Durante su auditoría, el Tribunal también observó en los marcos éticos algunas insuficiencias y ámbitos que se pueden armonizar, así como ejemplos de buenas prácticas. Las instituciones auditadas deberían mejorar sus marcos éticos, cooperar para armonizar las buenas prácticas y realizar más esfuerzos para compartirlas, y aumentar la sensibilización de su personal a la cultura y el marco éticos y su percepción de estos.

CoverShedding light on energy in the EU - A guided tour of energy statistics — 2019 edition
Digital publication – updated with 2017 data

Energy is essential for our day-to-day life. Turning on our computers or starting our cars are actions that we take for granted, yet they represent the final stage of a complex process, from extraction to final consumption. Statistics can help to make the complex process of energy more understandable. This is the aim of the digital publication Shedding light on energy in the EU – A guided tour of energy statistics. This new type of publication aims to answer questions on energy most frequently asked by citizens in an original way. Answers are provided through short texts, dynamic infographics, maps, videos, graphs, photos etc. This digital publication provides the statistical background which helps to better understand the challenges faced by the Energy Union. Both those not so familiar with the energy sector and experts in the domain should find something of interest. [+]

CoverPeople on the move — Statistics on mobility in Europe — 2019 edition (Digital Edition)

People in today’s Europe are on the move much more than ever before. This mobility can be viewed from many angles, as there are many reasons for moving: migration, education, work or tourism… This digital publication People on the move — Statistics on mobility in Europe shows the latest figures on these movements of people in Europe in many different ways, with a focus on people and not on goods. 

Throughout the publication, brief descriptions of the main findings are completed with interactive visualisations, where you can compare your country with other countries. This publication is aimed at those who would like to have an overview of migration trends, working and studying abroad, transport and tourism in the EU in an easy and interactive way. [+]

CoverReconciliation of EU statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC) data with national accounts

The coherence of household survey data with national accounts has been studied extensively in recent years, following the “Beyond GDP” initiatives. This paper compares income aggregates in EU-SILC and national accounts, adjusts for the main conceptual differences, and discusses factors that could influence the observed discrepancies. Following a proposal by Atkinson, Guio and Marlier (2017), sensitivity of key social indicators to the micro/macro-discrepancies is then examined by adjusting the micro data totals to match the reconciled macro aggregates. Three adjustment methods are tested (simple proportional scaling, calibration to margins, Pareto imputation), and their impact on the measures of income inequality and at risk of poverty compared. In line with other studies, the micro/macro gaps are found to vary significantly across countries, and are more substantial in property and self-employment income compared to wages and salaries and transfers received. The observed gaps are likely to be mostly due to measurement errors and conceptual differences. Adjusting the micro data with the gaps results in significant increases in inequality and median income levels, but more subdued changes in at risk of poverty rates. The results are sensitive to the adjustment methods as well as proper assessment of the micro/macro gaps. Caution is warranted if distributional indicators are computed from macro-adjusted micro data. [+]

CoverSustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context — 2019 edition

Sustainable development is firmly anchored in the European Treaties and has been at the heart of European policy for a long time. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015, have given a new impetus to global efforts for achieving sustainable development. The EU is fully committed to playing an active role to maximise progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. This publication is the third of Eurostat’s regular reports monitoring progress towards the SDGs in an EU context. The analysis in this publication builds on the EU SDG indicator set, developed in cooperation with a large number of stakeholders. The indicator set comprises around 100 indicators and is structured along the 17 SDGs. For each SDG, it focuses on aspects which are relevant from an EU perspective. The monitoring report provides a statistical presentation of trends relating to the SDGs in the EU over the past five years (‘short-term’) and, when sufficient data are available, over the past 15 years (‘long-term’). The indicator trends are described on the basis of a set of specific quantitative rules. [+]

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