Key figures on Europe presents a selection of topical data. Most data cover the European Union and its Member States, while some indicators are provided for other countries, such as members of EFTA, enlargement countries to the European Union. This publication may be viewed as an introduction to European statistics and provides a starting point for those who wish to explore the wide range of data that is freely on Eurostat’s website. [+]
In March 2017, the European Union (EU) adopted a new indicator of “material and social deprivation”. This measure was developed by Guio et al (2012) and covers the entire population of the 28 EU Member States. It includes 13 deprivation items and replaces the 9-item “standard” material deprivation index adopted in 2009, by the then 27 EU countries and the European Commission, to monitor progress in the fight against poverty and social exclusion at national and EU level. Drawing on the methodology developed in the context of the 1999 “Poverty and Social Exclusion in the UK Survey”, Guio, Gordon and Marlier (2012) proposed an analytical framework for producing a suitable, valid, reliable and additive deprivation measure for the EU. Their recommendations were based on analyses of the 2009 EU-SILC material deprivation module. This report extends these analyses using the 2014 EU-SILC data and demonstrates that the composition of the new material and social deprivation indicator remains optimal over a five year period of considerable socio-economic change. [+]
The quarterly series 'Basic figures on the EU' presents the freshest Eurostat data on a small number of key indicators in the economic and social fields. Each issue is released during the second month of each quarter. The same content is available in a compact printed leaflet. [+]
The Eurostat-OECD compilation guide on inventories represents the first comprehensive overview of conceptual and practical issues related to the compilation of the balance-sheet item ‘inventories’ in the national accounts.
The estimation of inventories and changes in inventories in national accounts is often very difficult. Therefore it is the aim of this compilation guide to provide conceptual and practical guidance to statisticians on the estimation and valuation of inventories in mutual coherence with the transaction changes in inventories, and by doing so, to increase international comparability for these items. The guide clarifies theoretical concepts and possible data sources. It elaborates several estimation methods for both the asset inventories and the transaction changes in inventories, including their breakdowns into products, industries and institutional sectors. The compilation guide also addresses several special estimation cases and provides the results of a questionnaire — completed by 34 countries — on country practices regarding the estimation of inventories.
The Eurostat-OECD compilation guide on inventories was prepared by the Task Force on Land and other non-financial assets under the joint leadership of Eurostat and the OECD. Representatives from various European Union (EU) and non-EU OECD countries were represented as well as the European Central Bank. [+]
The 2007-2009 global financial and economic crises revealed severe weaknesses in the system of macroeconomic infra-annual statistics which prevent a prompt detection of the crises especially when in the making.
The purpose of this handbook is to provide statistical and econometric guidance on harmonized principles for the compilation and monitoring of cyclical composite indicators. At the same time, the handbook outlines guidelines for the compilation and presentation of such indicators. [+]
Eurostat, la Oficina Estadística de la Comisión Europea, ha publicado hoy una nota de orientación actualizada sobre la manera de consignar los contratos de rendimiento energético (CRE) en las cuentas públicas. La nota de orientación revisada aclara las normas contables que se aplican al tratamiento de los contratos de rendimiento energético. Con ella, Eurostat continúa su labor de dar claridad a las normas contables para los diversos tipos de inversión pública, que se reflejó en la Guía para el tratamiento estadístico de las asociaciones público-privadas publicada el año pasado.
Los contratos de rendimiento energético en el sector público ofrecen una solución práctica para hacer que los edificios y otras infraestructuras públicas sean más eficientes desde el punto de vista energético, ya que la inversión inicial puede ser aportada por un socio privado y reembolsada mediante ahorros de energía garantizados. Sin embargo, a menudo los contratos de este tipo presentan al mismo tiempo elementos de contratos de alquiler, servicios, arrendamiento, compra o préstamo, por lo que resulta más complejo consignarlos. A petición de los Estados miembros, Eurostat reflexiona, en colaboración con los Institutos Nacionales de Estadística (INE), sobre el modo más adecuado de consignar los contratos de eficiencia energética en las cuentas públicas, lo que se traduce en la nota de orientación publicada hoy. (RAPID, IP/17/3268, 19.9.2017)
The Statistical requirements compendium, published by Eurostat, serves as a reference document for the acquis in statistics. It summarises the key reference information for European statistical production, taking into account new legislation and other developments relevant for European statistics. The Compendium also serves as the framework for conducting compliance monitoring of the enlargement countries in the area of statistics. The 2017 edition of the Compendium follows an adapted version of the Classification of Statistical Activities (CSA) Rev. 1 2009. [+]
The “Guide to statistics in European Commission development cooperation” provides extensive information on statistics in development cooperation, presenting key international initiatives supporting developing countries in building sustainable statistical systems that produce quality statistics. It explains the ‘statistical machinery’, covering the organisation, functioning and products of national statistical systems, as well as key international quality frameworks and principles.
It presents tools for assessing statistical systems, strategic plans for developing statistical institutions, management of national projects/programmes in the field of statistics, training, as well as different aspects of statistical capacity building.
The Guide can be used to identify and develop actions to support statistics and statistical indicators to define and follow-up cooperation programmes, including sector policies. It provides insight into the statistics in a wide range of specific sectors, from agriculture to social statistics, from sustainable development indicators to business statistics.
It presents a summary of EU support to statistics, including issues such as requests for support to statistical capacity building, indicators to feed result-based management tools, monitoring development partnerships or assessing the performance of policies and interventions. [+]
Big data have high potential for nowcasting and forecasting economic variables. However, they are often unstructured so that there is a need to transform them into a limited number of time series which efficiently summarise the relevant information for nowcasting or short term forecasting the economic indicators of interest. Data structuring and conversion is a difficult task, as the researcher is called to translate the unstructured data and summarise them into a format which is both meaningful and informative for the nowcasting exercise. In this paper we consider techniques to convert unstructured big data to structured time series suitable for nowcasting purposes. We also include several empirical examples which illustrate the potential of big data in economics. Finally, we provide a practical application based on textual data analysis, where we exploit a huge set of about 3 million news articles for the construction of an economic uncertainty indicator. [+]
EURONA is an open access, peer reviewed, scholarly journal dedicated to National Accounts and Macroeconomic Indicators. EURONA aims at providing a platform for researchers, scholars, producers and users of macroeconomic statistics to exchange their research findings. This first issue of 2017 includes articles on the measurement of output growth and inflation across space and time, the use of national accounts from the 17th century till present, the processing of scanner data for consumer price indices and the use of big data for macroeconomic nowcasting. [+]