Estadísticas de la UE. CDE Universitat de València

CoverSmarter, greener, more inclusive? — Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy — 2018 edition

The 2018 edition of Smarter, greener, more inclusive? — Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy continues the series of Eurostat flagship publications supporting the Europe 2020 strategy by monitoring progress towards the targets and goals defined under the three mutually reinforcing priorities of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. The analysis is based on the Europe 2020 headline indicators chosen to monitor progress towards the strategy’s targets. Other indicators focusing on specific subgroups of society or on related contextual issues are also used to deepen the analysis and present a broader picture. The data used mainly come from official statistics produced by the European Statistical System and disseminated by Eurostat. It covers the period from 2002 or 2008 up to the most recent year for which data are available (2016 or 2017). [+]

CoverLiving conditions in Europe — 2018 edition

This publication provides a picture of current living conditions in Europe, as well as the socio-economic factors affecting the everyday life of Europeans.

Chapter 1 focuses on the financial dimensions of poverty and inequality.
Chapter 2 examines to what extent a lack of adequate income can prevent people from affording an adequate standard of living.
Chapter 3 presents statistics with regard to the quality of housing, while Chapter 4 provides information on the interactions between living conditions and labour and health status.

Finally, Chapter 5 provides an analysis of social participation and social integration. The majority of the indicators presented in the publication come from the European statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC), with data up to 2016. [+]

CoverCompendium of methodological clarifications — ESSPROS, European system of integrated social protection statistics — 2017 edition

The European System of Integrated Social Protection Statistics (ESSPROS) aims to collect comparable statistical data by enforcing a common methodology. Given the different national social protection systems and their continuous adaptation to emerging needs, inevitably there are cases of interventions for which the methodology does not provide clear guidance on whether or not they should be included in ESSPROS and how they should be reported. This document provides a compendium of the analysis performed in order to give methodological clarifications, including cases where changes to the ESSPROS methodology were proposed and adopted by the Working Group on Social Protection Statistics. [+]

 

CoverThe life of women and men in Europe — A statistical portrait — 2017 edition
New digital publication

There are large differences between the lives of women and men in Europe, but there are also similarities. The new digital publication The life of women and men in Europe —a statistical portrait aims at comparing women and men in their daily lives. It also shows how similar or different the everyday life of women and men is in European countries.

This digital publication containing short texts, interactive visualisation tools, infographics, photos, etc. has been developed by Eurostat in collaboration with the National Statistical Institutes of the EU Member States and the EFTA countries and is available in most of their official languages. [+]

CoverRevising the EU material deprivation variables
Anne-Catherine Guio, David Gordon, Hector Najera, Marco Pomati

In March 2017, the European Union (EU) adopted a new indicator of “material and social deprivation”. This measure was developed by Guio et al (2012) and covers the entire population of the 28 EU Member States. It includes 13 deprivation items and replaces the 9-item “standard” material deprivation index adopted in 2009, by the then 27 EU countries and the European Commission, to monitor progress in the fight against poverty and social exclusion at national and EU level. Drawing on the methodology developed in the context of the 1999 “Poverty and Social Exclusion in the UK Survey”, Guio, Gordon and Marlier (2012) proposed an analytical framework for producing a suitable, valid, reliable and additive deprivation measure for the EU. Their recommendations were based on analyses of the 2009 EU-SILC material deprivation module. This report extends these analyses using the 2014 EU-SILC data and demonstrates that the composition of the new material and social deprivation indicator remains optimal over a five year period of considerable socio-economic change. [+]

CoverMonitoring social inclusion in Europe — 2017 edition

Edited by Anthony B. Atkinson, Anne-Catherine Guio and Eric Marlier

The EU has not made any progress towards achieving its ‘Europe 2020’ social inclusion target, adopted in 2010, of lifting at least 20 million people from poverty and social exclusion by 2020. This book aims to contribute to our understanding of some of the substantive challenges facing ‘Social Europe’ and to the development of methods that can bring about new insights into issues related to income, deprivation and work. The data on individuals and their households contained in the ‘EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions’ (EU-SILC) are used to contrast the experience of European countries, drawing out lessons of potential value to all. The strengths and weaknesses of cross-sectional and longitudinal EU-SILC data are also examined, and recommendations for their further improvement are made – in relation to both data production and data analysis. Therefore, this volume is intended not only for policy-makers and statisticians but also for all those concerned about the impact of economic, employment and social policies on people’s lives and about the ways in which the social dimension of Europe – including the monitoring of the EU social inclusion target — could be strengthened. [+]

CoverFinal report of the expert group on quality of life indicators

This publication presents the final report of the Expert Group on Quality of life indicators, endorsed by the Directors of Social Statistics in October 2016. A comprehensive framework of quality of life indicators is encompassing nine dimensions: material living conditions, productive or other main activity, health, education, leisure and social interactions, economic security and physical safety, governance and basic rights, natural and living environment and overall experience of life. 17 indicators coming from all these dimensions were chosen as headline indicators. The report includes also recommendations of the Expert Group on the future work in this area of statistics. The report provides as well information about the initiatives on quality of life indicators existing at national and international level. [+]

CoverStatistical matching of European Union statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC) and the household budget survey

The Europe 2020 social inclusion target is measured through work attachment, income and material deprivation indicators using the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC). There has been increasing interest in recent years in whether expenditure and consumption provide more appropriate measures of standards of living than income. So, this working paper compares people’s exposure to poverty using three different measures: income, expenditure and material deprivation. However, no single data source provides joint information on all these variables. Therefore, the working paper describes methodological work conducted to statistically match expenditure from the Household Budget Survey with income and material deprivation contained within EU-SILC using data for six EU countries. The three matching approaches used are parametric, non-parametric and mixed. Overall, the mixed methods approach tends to perform slightly better at matching expenditure, based on a variety of measures. The implications of this work for the ongoing review of the EU-SILC legal basis are discussed. [+]

CoverHow does attrition affect estimates of persistent poverty rates? The case of European Union statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC)

Among the primary EU indicators of social inclusion is the persistent at risk of poverty rate, defined as the proportion of persons in a country who are at risk of income poverty in the current year and who were at risk of income poverty in at least two of the preceding three years. Evidence about poverty persistence is an important complement to information about poverty prevalence at a point in time. Estimates of persistent at risk of poverty rates are derived from the longitudinal component of EU SILC in which the fortunes of individuals are tracked over four consecutive years, in principle. In practice, not all of the individuals present in the first sample year provide four years of income data: there is attrition and estimates of persistent at risk of poverty measure may therefore not be reliable. Rates of attrition from the four-year EU-SILC samples used to calculate persistent poverty rates vary substantially across Member States, and there is also substantial cross-national diversity in the characteristics of individuals lost to follow-up. This working paper documents such patterns in detail and provides evidence that application of longitudinal weights does not fully account for the effects of attrition, and that different assumptions about the poverty status of attritors lead to wide bounds for estimates of persistent poverty rates for most Member States. [+]

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