The tables in this publication present government finance statistics (GFS) data by Member State, for the EU-28, for the euro area and for Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. The GFS presentation shows, in an integrated way: government revenue, government expenditure, government deficit, transactions in assets and in liabilities, other economic flows, and balance sheets. It gives a clear picture of the links between these data. The publication is intended primarily for national governments, Central Banks, economic analysts and academics with an interest in government finance, although it could also be of interest to the wider public. The value-added in comparison with other publications is to give an overview of government finances from several angles with consistent information. The publication covers data since 1995. [+]
This work is concerned with the analysis of outliers detection, signal extraction and decomposition techniques related to big data. In the first part, also with the use of a numerical example, we investigate how the presence of outliers in the big unstructured data might affect the aggregated time series. Any outliers must be removed prior to the aggregation and the resulting time series should be checked further for outliers in the lower frequency. In the second part, we explore the issue of seasonality, also continuing the numerical example. Seasonal patterns are not easily identified in the high frequency series but are evident in the aggregated time series. Finally, we construct uncertainty indexes based on Google Trends and compare them to the corresponding Reuters-based indexes, also checking for outliers and seasonal components. [+]
Eurostatistics — Data for short-term economic analysis — shows the evolution of the economic activity in the European Union, euro area and Member States. This monthly review gives a synthetic picture of the macroeconomic situation in the recent past. It is based on Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs), complemented by some business cycle indicators. [+]
The multi-thematic statistical book Energy, transport and environment indicators comprises a broad set of data collected by Eurostat. It presents the EU’s main indicators for energy, transport and environment that support the design and monitoring of EU policies. The publication provides data for the European Union and its Member States, while some indicators include also data for the EFTA countries and candidate countries and potential candidates to the EU.
The 2017 edition is complemented by the 'Highlights per Member State', a concise presentation of EU-28 and country data for some indicators from each of the three areas. The 'Highlights' provide a representative sample from the content of the statistical book. [+]
Salarios y complementos del profesorado y los directores de centros educativos en Europa 2015/16. Eurydice Datos y cifras.
Luxemburgo: Oficina de Publicaciones de la Unión Europe, 2016
En 2015/16, el salario del profesorado aumentó en 24 países/regiones, mientras que permaneció en el mismo nivel en 16. En los últimos siete años, en términos reales, los salarios mínimos oficiales han aumentado o se han mantenido estables en la mayoría de los países europeos, aunque, en algunos países, son incluso inferiores a los de 2009. La remuneración es un elemento clave que hace que la profesión docente resulte más atractiva. El informe Salarios y complementos del profesorado y los directores de centros educativos en Europa - 2015/16 presenta un análisis comparativo de los salarios oficiales mínimos y máximos del profesorado y los directores de centros públicos de educación infantil, primaria y secundaria en 40 países/regiones de Europa. También examina los cambios que se han producido en los salarios base del profesorado durante el último año y la evolución de su poder adquisitivo desde 2009. El informe también estudia los salarios reales, la progresión salarial y los complementos disponibles en cada país, e incluye fichas de datos nacionales con información detallada sobre todas estas cuestiones. [+]
The Conference of European Statistics Stakeholders (CESS) brings together European stakeholders such as official statisticians, methodologists, private data producers/providers and data users. The conference, held biennially, gives participants an opportunity to discuss user needs and exchange good practices in statistical production and outreach. It is also an opportunity to illustrate innovative ways of visualising and communicating statistics and promote new methodological ideas in data conception, collection and analysis.
This special Statistical Working Papers (SWP) issue presents selected papers from CESS 2016, held in Budapest on 20-21 October 2016. The papers highlight many of the current and future themes for ensuring good-quality statistics that are fit for use. [+]
Key data on teaching languages at school in Europe — 2017 edition
In an age where learning several languages is a necessity for many people and offers endless opportunities to all, there have been a number of reforms in recent years with regards to foreign language learning. This new Eurydice Brief on Key Data on Teaching Languages at School in Europe 2017 builds on a comprehensive report on teaching languages at school in Europe and includes information on research works and EU policy documents. It presents a state of play of the existing policies on key aspects of foreign language teaching and concludes with further routes which could be explored to encourage language teaching at primary and secondary level in the future.
This Brief is structured around five key EU and national language policy themes: the importance of learning two foreign languages from a very early age; the range of foreign languages learnt by students; the foreign language teaching itself with a particular focus on teachers and their visits abroad for professional purposes, and CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning) as a teaching approach; the expected levels of attainment in foreign languages; language support measures to facilitate the integration of newly arrived migrant students. You can also have a look at our brand new infographics here.
There are large differences between the lives of women and men in Europe, but there are also similarities. The new digital publication The life of women and men in Europe —a statistical portrait aims at comparing women and men in their daily lives. It also shows how similar or different the everyday life of women and men is in European countries.
This digital publication containing short texts, interactive visualisation tools, infographics, photos, etc. has been developed by Eurostat in collaboration with the National Statistical Institutes of the EU Member States and the EFTA countries and is available in most of their official languages. [+]
Directrices de la UE para la Clasificación Internacional del Delito con Fines Estadísticos. Edición 2017en Estadisticas
Eurostat deals with a great variety of legal concepts and criminal justice systems among European countries in its annual data collection on crime and criminal justice. A common classification of offences will strengthen comparability and consistency of crime and criminal justice data and improve analytical capabilities at the national, European, and international levels. A common framework based on internationally agreed concepts, definitions, and principles to group all kinds of criminal offences into useful statistical categories already exists in the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS). This common framework is applicable for all forms of crime data at all stages of the criminal justice process as well as for data collected in crime victimization surveys. The data on criminal offences published by Eurostat are already classified according to the ICCS. However, variations of national criminal law and the lack of common definitions between European countries still limit the comparability of crime data. This booklet presents the structure of the ICCS, its classification principles and its relations to existing classifications, to facilitate the implementation of the ICCS. It provides a brief overview of concrete organizational and technical tasks for a successful implementation of the ICCS at the national level, which should engage all crime data users and data providers. In addition, an implementation strategy through the creation of a correspondence table, a tabulation of all offence categories in the ICCS linked to all offences on the national level, is briefly described. [+]
Geonomenclatura aplicable a las estadísticas europeas sobre comercio internacional de mercancías. Edición 2017en Estadisticas
The purpose of this publication is to provide the compilers and users of European statistics on international trade in goods with sound information on the nomenclature used to classify the reporting and partner countries. Besides including the latest version of the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Union and statistics of trade between Member States — known as the ‘Geonomenclature’ and abbreviated to GEONOM —, it also contains all the supplementary information that is essential to understand the content of this country classification and the evolution of its codes. A further aim of this publication is to document the geographical and economic areas covered by the trade in goods statistics as disseminated by Eurostat. [+]