Modernisation on Higher Education in Europe: Academic Staff 2017
OPOCE, 2017. Eurydice Brief
The higher education sector has experienced profound changes in recent years. As student numbers have continued to increase, new steering and funding mechanisms have been established, quality assurance systems have been further developed and societal demands have expanded. Yet there has been too little focus on the impact and implications of these developments for academic staff, who play a vital role in higher education institutions and systems.
The brief is based on a comprehensive report, Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe: Academic Staff – 2017published in June, which explores the realities for academic staff in this changing higher education landscape. The brief focuses on some of the main findings, including on human resource policy planning, academic careers, working conditions, and teaching. It concludes by highlighting three key concerns for policy-making: 'levelling the playing field for academic careers', 'balancing institutional autonomy and government oversight' and 'improving information gathering on academic staff'. [+]
The higher education sector has experienced profound changes in recent years. Student numbers have continued to increase, while the sector has diversified and experienced significant structural changes, such as new funding arrangements, and new quality assurance systems. The challenges for academic staff have also been growing. Staffs are responsible for teaching ever greater numbers of students, undertaking research, and responding to growing societal needs, while academic jobs become more competitive, and job security more tenuous.
Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe: Academic Staff – 2017 explores the current realities for academic staff within this changing higher education landscape. The report focuses on the qualification requirements for academic staff, the recruitment process, employment and working conditions in academia, the impact of external quality assurance, and top level strategies for internationalisation. It also includes national diagrams showing key characteristics of academic staff categories.
The report is based mainly on qualitative data gathered by the Eurydice Network, covering higher education systems in 35 countries. The data collection focused on academic higher education staff who are primarily responsible for teaching and/or research. In addition, quantitative data from Eurostat and the European Education Tertiary Register (ETER) are also used, as well as information gathered from surveys developed for this report to academic staff Trade Unions and Quality Assurance agencies. [+]
La edición de este año del Monitor de la Educación y la Formación de la Comisión muestra los avances realizados para cumplir importantes objetivos de la UE, pero también destaca que los Estados miembros deben hacer que sus sistemas educativos sean más adecuados e inclusivos, en particular en lo que se refiere a la integración de los refugiados y los migrantes recién llegados.
Europa depende de sistemas educativos eficaces para dotar a los jóvenes de las capacidades necesarias para construir su vida como ciudadanos y desarrollar sus carreras profesionales. Las escuelas, las universidades y las instituciones de formación profesional son la base del crecimiento, el empleo, la innovación y la cohesión social. En la edición de 2016 de su Monitor de la Educación y la Formación, publicada hoy, la Comisión Europea analiza el estado de la Unión Europea y los sistemas nacionales y pone de manifiesto que los Estados miembros se enfrentan a la doble tarea de garantizar una adecuada inversión financiera y ofrecer una educación de gran calidad a los jóvenes de todos los orígenes, incluidos los refugiados y los migrantes. [+]
When students plan for higher education, one important element to consider is how much it will cost and whether they can receive any financial support. In a Europe where people can study in other countries, reliable information on the costs of higher education is essential.
This report aims to provide both an overview of the main features of national fee and support systems and more detailed information on each individual country. Forty-two national sheets present the reality of fees and financial support available to students in public or government-dependent private higher education institutions in short cycle, first and second cycle students in 2016/17. In particular, the publication describes the range of fees charged to national, EU and international students and specifies the categories of students that are required to pay, and those that may be exempt. Similarly, it explains the types and amounts of public support available in the form of grants and loans, as well as tax benefits and family allowances where applicable.
Information covers the 28 EU Member States as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey. [+]