This report gives information on statutory salaries and allowances for teachers and school heads in pre-primary, primary and secondary public school. The comparative analyses, which includes 41 European education systems, shows an increase in teacher's pay but also differences in salary conditions and salary progression across Europe. Salaries have in fact increased by at least 3 % in 18 education systems. However, real salaries (i.e. discounting inflation) of beginning teachers are lower in nine European countries than in 2009/10 i.e. the years following the financial crisis. Differences between countries concern not only the level of basic salaries but also the number of years’ service necessary to achieve the maximum, which can go from 6 to 42 years depending on the country. Data displayed on the national sheets are collected jointly by the Eurydice and the OECD/ NESLI networks. [+]
This report provides information on the structure of mainstream education in European countries from pre-primary to tertiary level for the 2018/19 school and academic year. It includes national schematic diagrams, an explanatory guide and a map showing the main organisational models of compulsory education. The information is available for 43 European education systems covering 38 countries participating in the EU's Erasmus+ programme. [+]
The Council of the European Union has set the goal of reducing low achievement in reading, mathematics and science among 15-year-olds to less than 15 % by 2020. How are European countries going to achieve this? One of the key elements in the learning process is the instruction time available to students. In fact, not only the quality of instruction but also the time available for learning can have a positive effect on students' learning process, in particular, in the case of disadvantaged students. This Instruction Time report analyses the recommended minimum instruction time in full-time compulsory general education in 43 European education systems for the year 2017-2018. Special attention is paid to subjects, with a special focus on reading, writing and literature, mathematics, natural sciences and social studies. [+]
This latest Bologna Process Implementation Report presents a wide-ranging and detailed picture on how the European Higher Education Area(EHEA) has been moving forward since the Yerevan Conference in 2015. It follows the two previous Bologna Process Implementation Reports (2012 and 2015). In particular, the report explores the evolution of the key policy areas identified by Higher Education Ministers in the Yerevan Communiqué of 2015. It does this through its seven chapters: The European Higher Education Area Landscape; Learning and Teaching; Degrees and Qualifications; Quality Assurance and Recognition; Opening Higher Education to a Diverse Student Population; Relevance of the Outcomes and Employability; Internationalisation and Mobility.
By using qualitative information and statistical data, the report outlines the current state of play of the Bologna Process from various stakeholders' perspectives. It also addresses the key commitments that underpin the EHEA: implementation of the three-cycle degree structure, recognition of qualifications and quality assurance. Moreover, the report outlines the Bologna Process's most recent priorities: learning and teaching, social inclusion and employability. [+]
EACEA A7 has launched its new Eurydice website, with a new design and new features.
Eurydice is Europe’s network of 42 national units based in all 38 countries of the Erasmus+ programme. It explains how education systems are organised in Europe and how they work, by publishing detailed descriptions of national education systems, comparative studies devoted to specific topics, indicators and statistics, as well as news and articles related to the field of education. All pages of the previous platform will be automatically redirected to the Homepage of the new website.
At a time when the importance of teachers is becoming increasingly apparent, what are the main challenges in the teaching profession related to supply and demand? How do education systems address these issues? How does one qualify to be a teacher? What support is available once qualified? What are the career opportunities in this profession?
The comparative overview of national policies on teacher careers across Europe, which covers 43 European education systems, provides an analysis of different aspects of the teaching profession. The report focuses on primary and general secondary education. The main themes include: forward planning and main challenges in teacher supply and demand, entry to the teaching profession and teacher mobility, continuing professional development and support, career development, and teacher appraisal. [+]
In an age where the importance of citizenship education is becoming apparent to deal with the current threats to fundamental European values, many countries are implementing changes in their national policies. The Eurydice brief Citizenship Education at School in Europe – 2017 presents some of the main findings of the November 2017 report, highlighting the differences between countries' regulations and recommendations regarding citizenship education that can affect its implementation in schools. [+]
The Youth Wiki is Europe's online encyclopaedia in the area of national youth policies. The platform is a comprehensive database of national structures, policies and actions supporting young people. It covers the eight main fields of action identified in the 2010-2018 EU Youth Strategy: education and training, employment and entrepreneurship, health and well-being, participation, voluntary activities, social inclusion, youth and the world, and creativity and culture. [+]
This publication focuses on the duration of compulsory education/training in Europe. It highlights the starting and leaving ages and distinguishes the notions of full-time and part-time compulsory education/training. The information is available for 43 European education systems covering 38 countries participating in the EU's Erasmus+ programme. [+]
There has been a strong focus in recent years on the promotion of citizenship education, as a result of the increasing threats to fundamental values such as peace, equality and human rights Europe is faced with, and several countries are making changes to their policies in this area. But what is citizenship education? How is it taught? How are students evaluated? Can citizenship skills be developed outside the classroom? What training and support do teachers receive?
The report is divided into four chapters, each of which is complemented by a case study on recent policy initiatives:
- Curriculum Organisation and Content
- Teaching, Learning and Active Participation
- Student Assessment and School Evaluation
- Teacher Education, Professional Development and Support
The report is primarily based on qualitative data, and covers 42 education systems. It focuses on the existing regulations and recommendations regarding citizenship education in public sector schools and includes general education and school-based initial vocational education training programmes. [+]