Bibliografía. CDE Universitat de València

CoverTaking the future into their own hands: Youth work and entrepreneurial learning: final report
Tine Andersen, Karsten Frøhlich Hougaard, Sigrid Nindl, Amanda Hill-Dixon
European Commission, 2017

The EU and its Member States have been promoting entrepreneurial competences among young people as a pathway to taking an active part in society. The role of youth work in fostering entrepreneurial learning has been underexposed up until today. This report and its annexes present the findings of a major study mapping, describing and analysing the contribution that youth work makes to supporting young people in achieving competences that will help them to fulfil personal aspirations and become active citizens in Europe. The study is based on an extensive collection of data about youth work and entrepreneurial learning in all EU Member States, summarised in 28 country reports, an inventory of 114 good practices and 12 case study reports. It confirms that youth work has an important contribution to make, but that improvements should be made in respect to the policy framework, as well as concerning partnerships at national, regional and local level. The report delivers concrete recommendations for policymakers, as well as for the formal education sector and for youth work organisations, on how to increase the impact of young people’s entrepreneurial learning. [+]

CoverLa educación para el emprendimiento en el sistema educativo español. Año 2015: Resumen ejecutivo Eurydice España Redie
Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, 2016

El propósito de este estudio es actualizar y analizar en profundidad datos relevantes sobre políticas, currículo, resultados e impacto de la educación para el emprendimiento, así como reunir información sobre formación y medidas de apoyo al profesorado y buenas prácticas en este ámbito. El año de referencia es el curso 2014/15. El informe describe la situación de la educación para el emprendimiento en Educación Primaria y Secundaria (ESO, Bachillerato y Formación Profesional de grado medio). No se han tenido en cuenta los itinerarios formativos enfocados al emprendimiento como opción profesional, como por ejemplo los estudios del área empresarial, dado que se desvían del análisis del emprendimiento como competencia clave de carácter transversal. Dado el alto grado de descentralización del sistema educativo español, ha sido preciso llevar a cabo el análisis tanto a nivel nacional como autonómico. El principal instrumento de recogida de datos ha sido el cuestionario diseñado por la Red Europea de Información sobre Educación (EURYDICE) para la elaboración del estudio "Entrepreneurship Education at School in Europe" (2016) que se remitió a las 17 comunidades autónomas en Marzo de 2015. [+]

Entrepreneurship Education: A road to success
Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2015 
ISBN 978-92-79-44556-9

A compilation of evidence on the impact of entrepreneurship education strategies and measures. Entrepreneurship education is given a significant role in supporting the main goals of the Europe 2020 strategy. Therefore, it is important to gather knowledge and evidence from across Europe and elsewhere that shows whether and how impact is achieved.  In 2013 DG Enterprise and Industry commissioned ICF International to conduct a mapping exercise of examples of research on the impact of Entrepreneurial Education. This report presents the outcome of the mapping exercise: 91 studies from 23 countries were identified. 

The prevailing impression that emerged from the evidence collected is that entrepreneurship education works. Students participating in entrepreneurship education are more likely to start their own business and their companies tend to be more innovative and more successful than those led by persons without entrepreneurship education backgrounds. Entrepreneurship education alumni are at lower risk of being unemployed, and are more often in steady employment. Compared to their peers, they have better jobs and make more money.
The positive impact is not restricted to students and alumni. Besides impact on the individual, evidence from the examples reviewed for this study also shows impact on educational institutions, the economy and society. [+]

Para recuperar el crecimiento y unos niveles de empleo más elevados, Europa necesita más emprendedores. Las nuevas empresas, especialmente las pequeñas y medianas (PYME), son las que crean la mayor cantidad de nuevos puestos de trabajo en Europa; cuatro millones cada año. Por consiguiente, el Vicepresidente de la Comisión Europea, Antonio Tajani, ha presentado hoy un plan de acción para apoyar a los emprendedores y revolucionar la cultura del emprendimiento en Europa. El plan destaca el papel clave de la educación y la formación para fomentar la aparición de nuevas generaciones de emprendedores e incluye medidas específicas para fomentar el emprendimiento entre los jóvenes, las mujeres, los mayores, los inmigrantes y los desempleados. El elevado índice de desempleo de la UE desaprovecha los recursos humanos, especialmente entre las mujeres y los jóvenes. El plan aborda asimismo obstáculos al emprendimiento mediante medidas ambiciosas para apoyar a las empresas emergentes y la creación de nuevas empresas, facilitar el éxito de la transferencia de propiedad de las empresas, mejorar el acceso a la financiación y dar los emprendedores honrados una segunda oportunidad después de una quiebra. (RAPID, IP/13/12, 9.1.2012)

CoverDeveloping Key Competences at School in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities for Policy
Eurydice Report, 2012
This report reviews national policies for the development of key competences at school in Europe. It acknowledges the progress made so far in implementing the key competences approach and discusses several policy challenges that are directly linked to the contribution of education and training to meeting changing skills demands: tackling low achievement in reading, mathematics and science; increasing the number of mathematics science and technology graduates, and further support for the acquisition of transversal competences such as IT skills, entrepreneurship and civics. The report covers 31 European countries (EU Member States, Croatia, Iceland, Norway, and Turkey) and takes the reference year 2011/12. Information covers compulsory and secondary general education. [+]


CoverEntrepreneurship Education at School in Europe: National Strategies, Curricula and Learning Outcomes
Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency, 2012.
ISBN 978-92-9201-252-6

The report consists of both a comparative overview and national descriptions. The short comparative overview, covering EU Member States, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey, shows that the great majority of European countries address entrepreneurship education through national strategies or initiatives. At primary education level, two thirds of European countries explicitly acknowledge entrepreneurship in central steering documents while in secondary education virtually all countries integrate entrepreneurship into the curriculum, either as part of the general objectives of the overall curriculum, or within subject curricula or through a combination of these approaches. Thus the importance of entrepreneurship education is widely recognised. Moreover, many European countries define specific learning outcomes for entrepreneurship education covering entrepreneurial attitudes, knowledge and skills. Finally, the report also presents those countries where concrete guidelines and teaching materials give support to teachers, as well as a picture of current initiatives and ongoing reforms. [+]

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